ass2 - Psy 231: Developmental Psychology Dr. Elizabeth R....

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Psy 231: Developmental Psychology Dr. Elizabeth R. Brown Fall 2011 Assignment 2: Farhadin, Gazanizad, & Shakerian (2001). Theory of mind and siblings among preschool children. Worth 25 points total DUE at the beginning of class on September 13, 2011 Empirical Research Study - Summary Worksheet This assignment requires you to read the assigned article, and answer the questions outlined below (in your own words) pertaining to the article. Complete the assignment electronically using as much space as you need to answer each question adequately. Directions: Use this worksheet to deconstruct the major components of a research article. THE MAJOR RESEARCH QUESTIONS OR GOALS OF THE STUDY ARE (2 points): The goal of this research was to determine if variables such as birth order, number of siblings, and parental demographics affect ToM (theory of mind) and VA (verbal ability). This was done by studying children ages 43 to 66 months of age (3.6 to 5.6 years) in regard to false belief tasks. THE HYPOTHESES ARE (2 points): Four separate hypotheses were tested: There is a significant difference between ToM, VA, and age. There is a significant difference between ToM and siblings. There is a significant difference between ToM and birth order. There is a significant difference between ToM and parental demographic variables. It is important that each hypothesis was separated in order to determine if some, all, or non of these different variables had an influence on ToM. THE INDEPENDENT VARIABLE(S) IS/ARE (2 points) Age Siblings Birth Order Parental Demographic Variables THE DEPENDENT VARIABLE(S) IS/ARE (2 points) ToM VA p. 1
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THE METHODS (participants, apparatus, procedure) USED WERE (2 points): Participants 170 Iranian preschoolers were chosen by using the simple random sample method. 7 did not qualify as being homogeneous for this research and were thrown out, leaving the researchers with 63 participants. The average age of the participants was 54.39 months of age. 96 participants were male and 67 were female. 103 of the participants were first born and 63 were second born. 88 of the participants had no siblings, 62 had one sibling and 13 had two or more siblings. Apparatus/Procedure
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This note was uploaded on 01/04/2012 for the course PSY 231 taught by Professor Limegrover during the Fall '08 term at Miami University.

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ass2 - Psy 231: Developmental Psychology Dr. Elizabeth R....

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