Horney - KAREN HORNEY PSYCHOANALYTIC SOCIAL THEORY...

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KAREN HORNEY & PSYCHOANALYTIC SOCIAL THEORY Psychoanalytic social theory Basic hostility Results from not experiencing love, affection, security Basic anixety Results from basic hostility Reduce anxiety by adopting different styles of relating to other people Styles of relating Moving toward people Moving against people (aggressive) Moving away from people Everyone uses all 3 – a healthy person moves from 1 to another – a neurotic person uses just 1, whether it’s the appropriate response or not Idealized self-image Internal conflict Fool self into thinking you’re okay Neurotic pride Neurotic claim Self-hatred If idealized self-image crumbles Alienation from self
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Biography Born 1885, Hamburg, Karen Danielson Father was a sea captain – often absent – close to mother Age 9 – didn’t think she was attractive; developed intellect Suffered from depression, acted out One of 1 st women to study medicine in Germany Had 3 daughters w her husband Oscar Horney– he was rigid Trained, Berlin Psychoanalytic Institute – Karl Abraham Believed her ideas were within the realm of psychoanalysis Chicago Psychoanalytic Institute New Ways in Psychoanalysis Neurosis and Human Growth Died in 1952 of cancer Psychoanalytic Social Theory Horney & Freud compared Strict adherence to orthodox psychoanalysis – stagnation H: didn’t believe in pleasure principle. Said we are motivated by safety and satisfaction from birth Horney is optimistic. Focuses on cultural effects. Culture can always change – hopeful things could be different H: saw neurosis as continuous No discrete categories
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KAREN HORNEY & PSYCHOANALYTIC SOCIAL THEORY More or less neurotic The impact of culture Based on competition
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