exam 1 - PsychologicalWorldViews Mechanistic world view...

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Psychological World Views Mechanistic world view Humans are like machines Take it apart Reduce it to smallest elements to study Human is equal to sum of its parts Don’t add or leave out pieces Quantitatively oriented How big, how much, how strong, how intense Material (nature of parts) Sufficient-efficient (causes/explanations) Apply scientific method (to human behavior) Think of human as passive recipient who is shaped/molded into whatever by forces larger beyond its control Product of society, genetics, parental influence Organismic world view Humans are like any living system Study wholistically (don’t break it down) Human is greater than the sum of its parts Add/lose parts Qualitatively oriented Structure & functions
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Formal/final causes are important Non scientific method The human is an active determinant of its own development Genetics/influence not the only factor Dialectic world view Looks more organismic than mechanistic Both have validity Human can impact the forces Reciprocal influence Changes in behavior Growth phenomena Change in size, strength Quantitative Differentiation Change in structure, function Qualitative Nature of research data Observations, survey can’t control variables
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Major Developmental Issues Nature vs nurture Position that human psychological development is primarily under the control of genetic factors vs position that human psychological development is primarily under the control of environmental factors 4 possibilities nature > nurture nature < nurture nature = nurture neither is important communality vs uniqueness the position that everyone develops the same way vs the position that everyone’s development is different from everyone else when we make observations (one aspect at a time) about young humans, it is easy to see communality ex: motor skill development, language when observing older humans and you look at them in their entirety, it is easy to see uniqueness adolescence are caught in-between somewhere Normal vs Abnormal People may experience “abnormalties” but that does not mean they are abnormal. It is not the whole person being condemned, it is something within that person Humans are capable of doing bizarre things in certain situations If someone did something horrible, should we hold them accountable?
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Major Developmental Generalizations 1. The complexity of human psych development
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Major Developmental Generalizations there are so many variables or factors that are interrelated in so many ways that it is extremely difficult to figure out what is causing what. Directly related to continuity vs discontinuity & communality vs uniqueness 2. Associated characteristics human development proceeds in such a way that individuals in one portion of the pop tend to have a cluster of states traits and characteristics while the other portion of the pop tends to have a cluster of positive states traits or characteristics
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This note was uploaded on 01/04/2012 for the course PSY 333 taught by Professor Bornstein during the Fall '11 term at Miami University.

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exam 1 - PsychologicalWorldViews Mechanistic world view...

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