exam3 - Definitionsofnormal&abnormal Psychopathology...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–4. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Psychopathology Models The statistical model Normally distributed over range. Measure any variable on continuous basis, meaning all values below low & high and you take a large enough sample – you will end up with a normal or near normal distribution Mean, median, mode are idntical in normal distribution Ex: intelligence. Normal mean, median, mode = 100 All scored fall between +3 and -3 standard deviations from mean Normal minimally defined as the middle most 68% Abnormal really unusual, rare, unexpected – minimal definition is the highest and lowest 2% This leaves 14% on sides “what do you do with these ppl?” Some pro’s say call them your borderline peopple, normal one-way and abnormal the other way. Other professionals say don’t give the people an area, just take some portion of each and call them normal/abnormal Using the statistical model, a person with the very highest IQ is equally abnormal as the other end of spectrum. Statistical extremeties The medical model “treat psychological stuff the same you treat physical stuff” Absence disease cause = normal Find and presence of disease or cause agents then you are abnormal Sociocultural model Society as a whole decides what is acceptable (normal) and unacceptable (abnormal) Different than statistics because high IQ in socio and low IQ is bad Problem with models How to deal w the visibility/invisibility model (not a 4 th model, but tells how others work)
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Can’t be in socio unless observable Can’t be in statistical unless compared to a group It is a myth that crazy people are crazy people all the time People have abnormalities, but doesn’t mean people are abnormal Having disability does not equate with being disabled
Background image of page 2
Criteria for Psychopathology On what basis do the professionals make the diagnosis One system of criteria when a medical professional is making the decision, use all 3 models Understand this list Which models they came from Understand the models and the criteria Every time you get a yes answer, you increase the likelihood that the mental health professional is going to diagnose an abnormality Language becomes important, you can’t change the wording. The wording needs to be states so that a yes answer would later increase the diagnosis for psychopathology 1. Does the individual express “distress”? Means: is the person telling you that they are stressed? 2. Does the individual’s behavior bother other people? 3. Is the person’s behavior maladaptive? (behavior worsens situation) 4. Is the individual incompetent? Mental health professionals set that standard relatively conservatively. Mainly meaning, can you take care of yourself? 5. Is this individual’s current behavior dramatically different from that individual’s
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 4
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Page1 / 15

exam3 - Definitionsofnormal&abnormal Psychopathology...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 4. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online