Interest group strategies: Lobbying, Access, Litigation, Going Public,
Electoral Politics. CHART PAGE 378
An interest groups is defined by the textbook as, “a group of people organized
around a shared belief or mutual concern who try to influence the government to make
policies promoting their beliefs or concerns.” (Lowi, p. 361)
Although there are many interest groups that represent economics, labor,
professions, finance, and the public, they are organized in the same way.
First, all groups
work to draw in a large number of members that will invest money, time and energy into
Groups appeal to members by promoting political goals and offering
informational, material, social, or purposive benefits.
Informational benefits include
special newsletters, periodicals, training programs, and conferences.
include special goods, services, or money.
Social benefits include friendship,
netweorking, and consciousness-raising.
Purposive benefits include purpose and
accomplishments of the group.
These benefits are provided to members of groups to
entice others to join. (Lowi, p. 364)
People w/ higher incomes, higher levels of education, and management or
professional occupations are much more likely to become members or groups than those