notes 2-16-09 - EXECUTIVE BRANCH BUREAUCRACY Notion of...

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EXECUTIVE BRANCH BUREAUCRACY (2-16-09) Notion of bureaucracy - Not necessarily negative - Principle-agent problems loom large - Where’s the politics? What do executive agencies do? - Enforce (FBI, IRS) - Regulate (set rules for how people do their work; FDA) - Distribute (get money in and send it out) - Decide (congress writes vague legislation, dept. of education decides detail) - Run operations (defense dept. building army, train, send over seas, etc.) Professional bureaucracy - Pendleton act of 1883 (civil service, pyramid of workers, keep job when new president, get job based on qualities, staff gov’n with experts) - Life-long bureaucrats are exempt from political control - Exams govern hiring and promotion - Staffed with experts from industry (ex-military in dept of defense; oil workers in the dept. of energy) How are these agencies created? - Pressure from industry (Federal Communications Commission, FAA) - Pressure from social movements (Equal Employment Of Commission, Labor) - Obvious needs (air force, treasury, state)
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This note was uploaded on 01/05/2012 for the course POLSCI 111 taught by Professor Kollman during the Winter '10 term at University of Michigan.

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notes 2-16-09 - EXECUTIVE BRANCH BUREAUCRACY Notion of...

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