obc-complete_15Feb10

obc-complete_15Feb10 - Optimization-Based Control Richard...

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Unformatted text preview: Optimization-Based Control Richard M. Murray Control and Dynamical Systems California Institute of Technology DRAFT v2.1a, February 15, 2010 c circlecopyrt California Institute of Technology All rights reserved. This manuscript is for review purposes only and may not be reproduced, in whole or in part, without written consent from the author. Preface These notes serve as a supplement to Feedback Systems by Astr om and Murray and expand on some of the topics introduced there. They are motivated by the increasing role of online optimization in feedback systems. This is a change from the traditional use of optimization in control theory for offline design of control laws and state estimators. Fueled by Moores law and improvements in real-time algorithms, it is now possible to perform estimation and control design algorithms online, allowing the system to better account for nonlinearities and to adapt to changes in the underlying dynamics of the controlled process. This changes the way that we think about estimation and control since it allows much greater flexibility in the design process and more modularity and flexibility in the overall system. Our goal in this supplement is to introduce the keys formalisms and tools re- quired to design optimization-based controllers. Key topics include real-time tra- jectory generation using differential flatness, the maximum principle, dynamic pro- gramming, receding horizon optimal control, stochastic processes, Kalman filtering, moving horizon estimation and (distributed) sensor fusion. While these topics might normal consititute separate textbooks, in this set of notes we attempt to present them in a compact way that allows them to be used in engineering design. We also briefly survey additional advanced topics through the text, with pointers to further information for interested readers. This supplement as been used in a second quarter controls course at Caltech, taken by a mixture of advanced undergraduates and beginning graduate students with interest in a variety of application areas. The first half of the 10 week course focuses on trajectory generation and optimal control, ending with receding horizon control. In the second half of the course, we introduce stochastic processes and derive the Kalman filter and its various extensions, including the information filter and sensor fusion. The prerequisites for the course are based on the material covered in Feedback Systems , including basic knowledge in Lyapunov stability theory and observers. If needed, these topics can be inserted at the appropriate point in covering the material in this supplement. The notation and conventions in the book follow those used in the main text....
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obc-complete_15Feb10 - Optimization-Based Control Richard...

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