Part I: Identifications
At the University of Iowa in Kinnick Stadium, the visiting team’s locker room has been
covered with pink: pink lockers, pink carpet, pink walls, sinks, showers, and even pink urinals.
It was the idea of Hayden Fry, a former Iowa football coach.
He studied in psychology that pink
gave a calming and passive effect on people.
Thus, he wanted his opponents to feel
tranquil and not ready for the aggressive game.
The use of pink in this situation demeans
An Iowa law professor, Erin Buzuvis stated, “The
pink locker room
is a subtle way of
painting the words ‘sissy’ or ‘girlie man’ on the walls.” (Jenkins)
To feminize something can be
interpreted as weakening something.
Pink is associated with females, and it is degrading that
Iowa uses it as a weapon to tease the opposing teams.
(Cole, Understanding Gender)
was a strong, radical abolitionist fighting for black women.
I a Woman” speech at the Women’s Rights Convention in 1851 questioned the treatment of white
women versus the treatment of black women.
For example, she stated, “That man over there
says that women need to be helped into carriages, and lifted over ditches, and to have the best
any best place.
And ain’t I a women
?” (Cole, How
Diversity Complicates Gender)
As a feminist, she believed that all women should be cared for in
equal ways, and that all mothers should be honored and protected.
is the idea that gender is socially constructed through different
experiences and beliefs.
There are five elements that are dominant in femininity: beauty,
demeanor, marriage and family arrangements, sexuality, and race.
Hegemonic ideas are
normative, and everyone is expected to follow this pattern of heterosexuality.
gain and keep their power by persuading subordinated people that beliefs that favor the ruling
group are natural or “common sense.” (Cole, Intersectionality)