pcdevmx - T raditionalMarxistPerspectivesonCrime 1

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Traditional Marxist Perspectives on Crime Traditional Marxist Perspectives on Crime Marxist Perspective on Crime/3/4/2000/P.Covington/2000 Deviance Disc The history of criminal legislation in England and in many countries shows that an excessive prominence was given by law to the protection of property . Herbert Manheim Property crime is better understood as a normal and conscious attempt to amass property than as the product of faulty socialisation or inaccurate and spurious labelling. Both working class and upper class crime…. Are real features of society involved in a struggle for property, wealth and self-aggrandisement…? A society which is predicated on unequal right to the accumulation of property gives rise to the legal and illegal desire to accumulate property as rapidly as possible. Taylor et al 1975                 Writers William Chambliss, Milton Mankoff , Frank Pearce , Lauren Snider Page References Sociology Themes and Perspectives : Haralambos: 4th Edition, 414-419 Investigating Mass Media : Moore: 68-77, Second  Edition. Introduction Interactionist approaches opened up a concern with the process of criminalisation, but failed to  explore this process in the context of the social, political and economic organisations of  society. Nor did they ask why some acts were defined as deviant whereas others were  not. This issue became a central theme of Marxist criminology.  While Marx did not write at length about crime, Marx argued that the laws were generally the codified means by which one class, the rulers, kept another class, the rest of us in check. Marxists recognise that for a society to function efficiently, social order is necessary. However, apart from communist societies, they consider that in all societies one class – the ruling class – gains far more than other classes. Marxists agree with functionalists that socialisation plays a crucial role in promoting conformity and order. However, unlike the latter, they are highly critical of the ideas, values and norms of capitalist society, which they term ‘capitalist ideology’. Modern Marxists point to education and the media as socialising agencies, which delude or ‘mystify’ the working class into conforming to a social order, which works against its real interests. Traditional Marxist Perspectives on Crime 1 1
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Traditional Marxist Perspectives on Crime Basic Beliefs: The idea that the poor are driven to commit crime strongly underpins the theories of those criminologists who have taken Marx’s work further… Deviance is partly the product of unequal power relations and inequality in general . It is an understandable response to the situation of poverty. See power as largely
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This note was uploaded on 01/02/2012 for the course SOC 201 taught by Professor Ambersmith during the Fall '09 term at N.C. State.

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pcdevmx - T raditionalMarxistPerspectivesonCrime 1

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