ca. 1500 China - Qianlong (Ch'ien Long) (1736-1795)...

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Pollard HST 103 August 27, 2009 The Confucian World China ca. 1500 Confucius 551-478 BC Neo-Confucianism The Middle Kingdom Filial piety shen-shih hierarchy: government officials and farmers at the top; merchants at the bottom "sinocization" Porcelain route: “If you kill the hen, it will give you no eggs.” Junk: Chinese trade ships Mandate of Heaven Ming Dynasty 1368-1644 Zhu Yuanzhang (1328-1398); Hung Wu, or Vast Military Prowess Nanjing tribute system: gifts and loyalty of other nations kow-tow: ambassadors get on knees in front of new emperor, demonstrate filial piety Zhu Di Emperor (1402-1442); Yung-le, or Lasting Joy Zheng He Peiking 1421 (Beijing): new capital of Zhu Di’s empire Ching/Qing Dynasty 1644-1911 Manchurians or Manchus Kangshi/Kangxi (1661-1722) Matteo Ricci (1552-1610)
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Unformatted text preview: Qianlong (Ch'ien Long) (1736-1795) Macartney Mission, 1792 Canton, cantonization Japan ca. 1500 Daimyo: large land owners, held power, had their own military of samurai Samurai: made up the daimyo militaries, complete loyalty to masters 1333-1580: period of pronounced feudal warfare and chaos General Toyotomi Hideyoshi 1582-1598: more powerful than emperor, started attacking other nations b/c he needed to keep the military busy Bakufu: forcing the Daimyo to leave land for months to go to Edo to live under the Shoguns nose, so that he could take over their Samurai. The Daimyo begin to invest in industry Shogun: head of the emperors military Shogunate: office of the Shogun Tokugawa Ieyasu 1598-1616 Tokugawa Shogunate 1598-1858...
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This note was uploaded on 01/05/2012 for the course HST 103 taught by Professor Clark during the Fall '08 term at University of North Carolina Wilmington.

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ca. 1500 China - Qianlong (Ch'ien Long) (1736-1795)...

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