European Politics 10:15 - EuropeanPolitics I o...

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European Politics  I. The Reformation 1517-1648 o Charles V (1500-1558) the ruler of the Holy Roman Empire,  shared power w/ the church poor form of gov o Martin Luther (1483-1546) German  Wanted to be a priest, but his father wanted him to be a  lawyer, so he went to law school but had an epiphany and  instead pursued theology The church was very corrupt and unable to deal w/ crisis  or answer fundamental questions Luther called on Christians to take a less active role in  church life and read the bible themselves Did not need the church to help w/ his spiritual life Urged others to make their own decisions o Pope Leo X (1513-1521) excommunicates Luther o Frederick the Wise (1463-1525) German prince, gave Luther  political asylum  o Solifidianism—Luther’s idea that humans will reach salvation  “by faith alone” Causes literacy rates to skyrocket and the bible is  published in every European language Leads to the creation of Protestantism and eventually  democracy bc it calls on ppl to govern their own spiritual  meeting/communities o Peace of Augsburg 1555—theoretically gave local German  princes the right to choose btwn catholicism and the new  church (unsuccessful)  o Ignatius Loyala (1491-1556) lead the society of Jesuits o Society of Jesuits—a group of well educated Catholics who’s  purpose was to go out and create new Catholics Europeans were switching to Protestantism 
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They made other countries not want to trade w/ Europe  bc of their missionaries Part of the counter-reformation
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European Politics 10:15 - EuropeanPolitics I o...

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