EuropeanPolitics - Pollard/ History 103 October 15, 2009...

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Pollard/ History 103 October 15, 2009 Europe in Transition 1450-1750 1. The Old Dissolves 2. The New Reformation—challenging authority Scientific Revolution Political Transformation: Absolutism I. The Reformation 1517-1648 Charles V 1500-1558 ruler of the holy roman empire shared leadership with the church poor form of government Martin Luther 1483-1546 lived in the holy roman empire (southern part of germany) called on Christians to take a less active role in church life (than humanism) church was very corrupt at the time (couldn’t deal with crisis) wanted to be a priest (father wanted him to go to law school so he did) on his way home for break and struck by lightening and has a change, decided to persue theology and finds the catholic study is very corrupt, does not answer his important questions. SOLIFIDIANISM—human beings will reach salvation “by faith alone” Luther decided this through his readings, he did not need the institution of the church to help him with his spiritual life, means step back from the church, read the bible yourself, make your own decisions (causes literacy rates to skyrocket and the publication of the bible in every European language) leads to the creation of Protestantism and eventually democracy bc it calls on the ppl to govern their own spiritual meetings and communities Pope Leo X 1513-1521 excommunicates Luther Frederick the Wise 1463-1525 favors Luther gave him political assylum Peace of Augsburg 1555theorectically gave local princes the right to choose btwn catholocism and the new (didn’t work) Ignatius Loyala 1491-1556 lead the society of jesuits Society of Jesuits—group of catholics created by Ignatius Loyala wanted to create a group of well educated catholics who could go out into the world and make new catholics (2 groups, Europeans who were switching to protestantism, and the new world started taking the ships going all over the world) make other countries not want to trade with Europeans (part of the counter-reformation) Council of Trent 1545-1563 designed to help clean up the RCC the only real contribution was a list of books that should be burnt and the formation of the inquisition to go and kill
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This note was uploaded on 01/05/2012 for the course HST 103 taught by Professor Clark during the Fall '08 term at University of North Carolina Wilmington.

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EuropeanPolitics - Pollard/ History 103 October 15, 2009...

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