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India - India 1 Politics a Princely States different...

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India 1. Politics a. Princely States: different political regions ruled by princes (maharaja), no b. higher authority than the princes—no central rule c. The Mughal Dynasty 1526-1857 i. Invaded northern India, inherit vast riches in agriculture and trade ii. Muslims ruling over non Muslims—prosecuted ruthlessly bc of polytheism 1. Tolerances—fair taxation systems, used literate locals in administration iii. Babur 1526-1530 “the tiger” didn’t touch Hindu shrines or mess with the locals iv. Humayn 1530-1556 son of Babur, married a Hindu princess as 1 of his 4 wives v. Akbar 1556-1605 vi. Aurangzeb 1658-1707 bulit the Badshahi Mosque in Lahore in 1680- intolerant ruler, especially indian christians 2. Classes a. caste system: b. Brahmins: priestly, elites (the “head”) learned in Hindu texts c. Kshatriyas: warrior (the “arms) defend society d. Vaisya: laborers (the “thighs”) artisans, merchants e. Sudras: unskilled laborers (the “feet”) f. Untouchables: slum dogs (the “bottoms of the feet”) 3. Religion a. Hinduism: i. dominant religion (practices) since 7 cen CE. Same sort of cultural
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