The Ottomans - The Ottomans (1320-1920) 1. Politics a....

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The Ottomans (1320-1920) 1. Politics a. (1299-1481) Osman trained middle easterners to be warriors thus creating the Ottoman Empire b. (1451-1481) Mehmet the Conqueror took Constantinople (Byzantine Empire) in 1453. i. Haghia Sophia , the oldest church in E Europe, he was moved by the symbolism for the relationship between god and the followers. It was turned into a mosque but the Jesus and Mary statues were left unharmed “if you seek Paradise, oh you Sufi, the topmost heaven is Ava Sofya” c. (1481-1512) Bayezid II “the saint” focused on spreading Islam and building mosques d. (1512-1520) Selim I “the grim” was a ruthless conqueror e. (1520-1566) Suleyman “the magnificent” or Kanuni “the law giver” expanded the empire. He was buried in the Sulaymaniyye Mosque built by Sinan 1550-1557, it was meant to be better than the Haghia Sofia f. Centralized Rule!!! g. Millet System —how the Ottomans took control, cut deals with leaders of Christians and Jews i. They did not force non muslims to convert and therefore
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The Ottomans - The Ottomans (1320-1920) 1. Politics a....

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