The%20Industrial%20Revolution - Pollard History 103 Tuesday...

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Pollard History 103 Tuesday November 9, 2009 The early stages of the Industrial Revolution Europe’s relationship to the rest of the world changed when they were cut off from the new world. New imperialism a new economic relationship, industry and manufacturing located in the west, and the politics keep the rest of the old world from industrialism and becoming competition. Plantation economies formed in the old world, the west benefited the most. Raw materials from India shipped to Europe, processed, then sold back Began in the UK (lucky location), it experienced the greatest population explosion1688: 5.5 mil to 1888: 18.1 mill Britain had a lot of coal, good banking system, good system of patent laws, peace (no war) Other economies couldn’t achieve industrialization bc of mercantilist systems When there is crisis, ppl die out or innovative solutions arise The way raw materials were used changed drastically -innovations in agriculture: the potato, marsh draining provided more usable land, improved fertilization imported shit from the new world, crop rotation smarter use of fields Enclosure Acts 1750-1860: revolution in fences, previously farmers didn’t fence in their fields, became more productive, not shared, lots of farmers who had previously used others’ land were screwed so they had to move to cities searching for work (landless, eduless, skillless) English landscape changed overnight, cities became crowded, filthy slums people who prospered left a legacy in estates, museums, libraries, ect. Those who didn’t prosper were miserable, created the largest gap btwn classes Climate changed from agriculturally friendly to smog ridden, the country had historically been rural, now cities were the heart Consequences of industrialization Increase in slave trade, needed cotton to produce cloth Emigration and immigration increased, the number of workers grew faster than industrialization could provide jobs for so they moved to find work -innovations in technology: could get a loan from the bank to invest in inventions, patent
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This note was uploaded on 01/05/2012 for the course HST 103 taught by Professor Clark during the Fall '08 term at University of North Carolina Wilmington.

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The%20Industrial%20Revolution - Pollard History 103 Tuesday...

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