TradeMaritimeRev

TradeMaritimeRev - HST 103 September 29, 2009 Empire: one...

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HST 103 September 29, 2009 Empire: one group of people spreading their power and influence over other people Trade and Maritime Revolutions; early Empires I. Trade on land and Sea a. Ottomans (1320-1920) Mehmed the Conqueror; Constantinople captured in 1453. Silk Road; “location, location, location.” Very successful/wealthy because of this b. Swahili Coast . Again: location, location, location c. Ming China (1348-1644) Yungle Emperor (1402-1442) Zheng He (1371-1435) Voyages between 1402-1425 Junks: treasure ships Tribute system d. Europe Prince Henry the Navigator (1394-1460) Azores, Canary Islands, Madiera Columbus in New World, 1492-3 When the Europeans came to the new world, they wanted initially the native Americans (Amerindians) as slave laborers for plantations. But they kill them all off with diseases. Opens up trade and explotation of new world, catapults Europe to the top between 1492 and 1500’s first dramatic change in the world Treaty of Tordesillas , 1494 gave spannards an advantage, divided globe up between portugese and Spanish. Pope (who was Spanish) wrote it. Prevented bickering about trade rights. Spanish empire was land based , based on colonization. Had the philipennes, north and south America (except brazil) and a tiny bit of africa Portuguese given mostly the old world, which was already inhabited. They only got a
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TradeMaritimeRev - HST 103 September 29, 2009 Empire: one...

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