ch 1 psych notes - Whatispsychology...

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What is psychology? How is psychology defined? Psychology is the scientific study of behavior and mental processes behavior: all of our outward or overt actions and reactions (i.e. talking, facial  expressions, and movement)  mental processes: all the internal, covert activity of our minds (i.e. thinking,  feeling, and remembering) What are the goals of Psychology? Description: observing a behavior and noting everything about it-what is  happening, where it happens, to whom it happens, and under what  circumstances it seems to happen. Explanation: to understand behavior, important in forming theories. Prediction: determining what will happen in the future. Control: the modification of some behavior, to change a behavior form an  undesirable one to a desirable one.  Modern Perspectives Psychodynamic: (neo-freudian) focus on the unconscious mind and its influence  over conscious behavior and on early childhood experiences, emphasis on the  development of a sense of self and the discovery of other motivations behind a  person’s behavior. Behavioral: (Watson and Skinner) operant conditioning—behavioral responses  that are followed by pleasurable consequences are  reinforced Humanistic: (Maslow and Rogers) the “third force” in psychology, a reaction to  both psychodynamic theory and behaviorism, understanding of human potential  for  self-actualization,  achieving one’s full potential or ideal self. Influential in  psychotherapy.  Cognitive: focuses on memory, intelligence, perception, thought processes,  problem solving, language, and learning. o Cognitive Neuroscience: the study of the physical workings of the brain  and nervous system when engaged in memory, thinking, and other  cognitive processes using MRI and PET Sociocultural: combines  social psychology  (the study of groups, social roles, and  rules of social actions and relationships)   and  cultural psychology  (the study of 
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cultural norms, values, and expectations). How people behave/think is influenced 
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ch 1 psych notes - Whatispsychology...

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