ch 5 pscyh notes

ch 5 pscyh notes -...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Learning—any kind of change in the way an organism behaves Classical Conditioning —learning to make a reflex response to a stimulus other than the  original, natural stimulus that normally produces it o Unconditioned Stimulus (UCS)—the original, naturally occurring stimulus o Unconditioned Response(UCR)—the reflex response to the unconditioned stimulus and  occurs bc of a genetic “wiring” in the nervous system o Neutral Stimulus—has no effect of the desired response o Conditioned Stimulus—when a previously neutral stimulus, through repeated pairing with  the UCS, begins to cause the same kind of reflexive response o Conditioned Response—learned reflex response to a conditioned stimulus o Stimulus Generalization—the tendency to respond to a stimulus that is only similar to the  original conditioned stimulus o Stimulus Discrimination—when an organism learns to respond to different stimuli in  different ways o Extinction—the disappearance/weakening of a learned response following the removal  or absence of the UCS o Reinforcer—any event/object that, when following a response, increases the likelihood of  that response occurring again o Spontaneous Recovery—the reappearance of a learned response after extinction has  occurred o Higher-order conditioning—occurs when a strong conditioned stimulus is paired with a  NS, causing the NS to become a second conditioned stimulus Pavlov o Did a classic experiment in which he paired the ringing of a bell with the presentation of  food to see if the dogs would eventually salivate to the sound of the bell Bell=NS then CS Food=UCS Saliva=UCR then CR o Basic principles CS must come before UCS CS and UCS must come very close together in time NS must be paired with the UCS many times before conditioning can take place CS is usually some stimulus that is distinctive (stands out from other competing  stimuli) Conditioned Emotional Response (CER)—emotional response that has become classically  conditioned to occur to learned stimuli o Watson (founder of behaviorism) experiment w/ white rabbits and “little Albert” to prove  phobias Vicarious Conditioning—classical conditioning of a reflex response/emotion by watching the  reaction of someone else Conditioned Taste Aversion—development of nausea or aversive response to a particular taste 
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Page1 / 4

ch 5 pscyh notes -...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 2. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online