Psych Notes Ch 13 - Chapter13 i ,acts,andfeels...

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Chapter 13 Theories of Personality i. Personality—the unique way in which each individual thinks, acts, and feels  throughout life.  o Character: value judgments of a person’s morals or ethical behavior o Temperament: the enduring characteristics w/ which each person is born,  based in biology, either through genetic or prenatal influences ii. The Psychodynamic Perspective—focuses on unconscious mind’s role in the  development of personality, bio causes of personality differences. Mind made up of  o Freud: lived during the Victorian Age, studied the influences of the  unconscious mind on conscious behavior, published  The Psychology of  Everyday Life  in 1901 o The Unconscious Mind: thoughts, feelings, memories, and other info are kept  that are not easily/voluntarily brought into consciousness          psychological defense mechanisms  are ways of dealing w/ stress  through unconsciously distorting one’s perception of reality o Id: the most primitive part of personality, unconscious, pleasure-seeking,  exists from birth containing all basic bio drives: hunger, thirst, self- preservation, and sex Pleasure Principle-by which the id functions; the immediate  satisfaction of needs w/o regard for the consequences o Ego: part of personality that develops out of a need to deal w/ reality, mostly  conscious, rational, and logical Reality Principle-by which the ego functions; the satisfaction of the id’s  demands when negative consequences will not result o Superego: part of the personality develops during pre-school age that acts as  a moral center Conscience-part of the superego that produces pride or guilt  depending on how acceptable behavior is iii. The Behaviorist Perspective—focuses on the effect of the environment on behavior,  based on theories of learning iv. The Humanistic Perspective—focuses on the role of each person’s conscious life  experiences/choices in personality development (reaction against Psychodynamic  and Behaviorist perspectives) v. The Trait Perspective—focus on the characteristics of personality, unlike the other 3 
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which look for the causes of differing personalities Stages of Personality Development i. Psychosexual Stages—5 stages of personality development tied to the sexual  development of a the child (Freud) at each stage a different  erogenous zone  (an  area that produces pleasurable feelings) becomes important o Fixation: disorder in which the person does not fully resolve the conflict in a  particular psychosexual stage, resulting in personality traits and behavior  associated w/ that earlier stage
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This note was uploaded on 01/05/2012 for the course PSY 105 taught by Professor Gordon during the Fall '07 term at University of North Carolina Wilmington.

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Psych Notes Ch 13 - Chapter13 i ,acts,andfeels...

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