Psych Notes Ch15

Psych Notes Ch15 - Chapter15 TwoTypesofTherapy I.

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Chapter 15 Two Types of Therapy I. Psychotherapy—a person w/ a problem talks w/ a psychological pro a. Insight Therapies: the main goal is helping people to gain insight w/ respect to  their behavior, thoughts, and feelings b. Action Therapies: the main goal is to change disordered or inappropriate  behavior directly II. Biomedical Therapy—a person w/ a problem is treated w/ biological or medical  methods to relive symptoms, does not cure disorder a. Drugs, surgical methods, and electric shock treatments Early Treatment I. Bethlehem Hospital—(1500’s) an asylum, harsh treatment II. Pinel’s Reforms—(1793) psychiatrist demanded humane, “Moral Treatment” of  mentally ill Psychoanalysis I. Psychoanalysis—an insight therapy emphasizing the revealing of unconscious  conflicts a. Dream Interpretation: the analysis of the elements w/in a patient’s reported  dream, believed repressed material surfaced in dreams i. Manifest Content—the actual content of one’s dream ii. Latent Content—the symbolic or hidden meaning of dreams b. Free Association: a patient was encouraged to talk about anything that came  to mind w/o fear of negative evaluation c. Resistance: occurring when a patient becomes reluctant to talk about a certain  topic, either changing the subject or becoming silent  d. Transference: the tendency for a patient or client to project positive or  negative feelings for important ppl from the past onto the therapist II. Psychodynamic Therapy—a newer and more general term for therapies based on  psychoanalysis w/ an emphasis on transference, shorter treatment times, and a more  direct therapeutic approach a. Directive: the therapist actively give interpretations of a client’s statements and  may suggest certain behavior or actions Humanistic Therapy I. Person-Centered Therapy—a nondirective insight therapy based on the work Rogers  in which the client does all the talking and the therapist listens and provides 
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unconditional positive regard for the “person” a. Nondirective: therapy style in which the therapist remains neutral and does not  interpret or take direct actions w/ regard to the client, instead remaining a  calm, nonjudgmental listener b. Four Basic Elements of for success of Person-Therapy i. Reflection—therapy technique in which the therapist restates what the 
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Psych Notes Ch15 - Chapter15 TwoTypesofTherapy I.

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