11American Indian

11American Indian - American Indian American Where did they...

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American Indian American Indian Where did they come from? Where did they come from? * Probably Asia Probably Asia * Some say Japanese Some say Japanese * Some say they are the Lost tribe of Israel Some say they are the Lost tribe of Israel * I don’t really care! I don’t really care! Bering Strait Land Bridge Bering Strait Land Bridge Why did early man leave? Why did early man leave? * Food Food * Climactic changes Climactic changes * Social reasons Social reasons * Why not! Why not! Following Food Following Food * Paleo-Indians followed herds mammoths Paleo-Indians followed herds mammoths * People were nomads, hunt or scavenge game People were nomads, hunt or scavenge game * Gather nuts and berries Gather nuts and berries Climactic changes Climactic changes * Search for warmer or colder lands Search for warmer or colder lands * Volcanic eruptions or floods that render sizable areas uninhabitable Volcanic eruptions or floods that render sizable areas uninhabitable * Periodic fluctuations in rainfall Periodic fluctuations in rainfall Social causes Social causes * Inadequate food supply caused by population increase Inadequate food supply caused by population increase * Intertribal conflict Intertribal conflict * Marriages Marriages * Desire for material gain Desire for material gain Monte Verde Monte Verde * Found in 1975 Found in 1975 * Site might be 33,000 years old Site might be 33,000 years old * Monte Verde means that Monte Verde means that people may have arrived in the Americas much people may have arrived in the Americas much earlier earlier than 12,500 years ago. than 12,500 years ago. Anasazi Anasazi * 1200 B.C. to A.D. 1300 1200 B.C. to A.D. 1300 * Basket makers and potters Basket makers and potters * One of the first to plant something One of the first to plant something
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* Why did they leave? Why did they leave? * severe drought from about 1275 to 1300 severe drought from about 1275 to 1300 * marauding enemy may have forced them to leave marauding enemy may have forced them to leave They were something! They were something! * Magnificent stone structures Magnificent stone structures * Cliff House cliff dwelling Cliff House cliff dwelling * ½ million gallon reservoir at Mesa Verde National Monument in Colorado ½ million gallon reservoir at Mesa Verde National Monument in Colorado * Five-story pueblo "apartment house" of 800 rooms at Chaco Cultural Five-story pueblo "apartment house" of 800 rooms at Chaco Cultural National Historic Park in New Mexico National Historic Park in New Mexico * Huge sunken Kiva with a 95-ton roof supported by four wooden posts at Huge sunken Kiva with a 95-ton roof supported by four wooden posts at Aztec Ruins National Monument, New Mexico. Aztec Ruins National Monument, New Mexico. Mesa Verde Mesa Verde Pottery Pottery Pueblo (Zuni) Pueblo (Zuni) * Agricultural Agricultural * Matrilineal Matrilineal * Impacted by Impacted by * Mongollon, an area near the Gila wilderness Mongollon, an area near the Gila wilderness * Hohokam, archaeological term for a settlement in the Southwest Hohokam, archaeological term for a settlement in the Southwest * the the Anasazi Anasazi
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