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11Industrial Revolution

11Industrial Revolution - Industrial Revolution Industrial...

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Unformatted text preview: Industrial Revolution Industrial * Slow to be embraced by America * * * * No transportation No communication No blueprints for factories No work force First factory * Samuel Slater * Father of American factory system * Moses Brown * Owner of the first textile mill Sewing Machine * Elias Howe * Sold his patent to Singer * $25 per machine * $2 million at his death in 1867 Eli Whitney * Cotton gin * Interchangeable parts Problems that come with industry * City * Labor Cities * Grows too quickly * Canals and roads * Great Lakes * Milwaukee * Chicago * Cleveland City problems * No running water * No sewage system * Boston * No police * No lighting New York is number one! * * * Excellent harbor Completion of the Erie Canal General migration of agricultural regions to urban regions Labor Other options * READ * * * * Robert Owens and New Harmony George Ripley’s Brook Farm Oneida Community and Robert Noyes Shakers American people! * Mostly home grown * Fastest-growing group during Antebellum America * ***Middle class * Immigration increases in the 1840’s * Irish * Germans * Most of the immigrants come to America for economic advancement Irish * Potato Famine * British Oppression British * Came to America * Could not go West * Had to stay in the CITIES Irish soldiers of Mexico! * Met in New York and given a job as a soldier in the Mexican War. * Family got a paycheck Germans * Tired of war * Came to America * Went west * * * * Star Spangled Banner Party American party Hated Catholics they were not to be trusted Hated Immigrants taking away our jobs * National status * Know-Nothing Party Leisure * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * Church Read Play sports Read P. T. Barnum American Museum in New York City--C&R-go online Cock fighting, boxing, dog fighting Northern working class Church Largest church is Catholic 2nd Great Awakening Peter Cartwright is the catalyst! Had impact on the more democratic churches Began on the Southern frontier Mormons Joseph Smith Moved west Nauvoo, Illinois Move to California Who led them to Utah? Mormon Trail Millerites * * * Miller read Revelation Miller Revelation Jesus will return on October 22, 1844 Congregation left after that Reading is good! Reading * “Larn ‘em how to be good ‘Mericans.” * Used special books to teach immigrants * * The flowers are pret ty Chautauqua Movement * Adults * Night school * New York Horace Mann * School needs to be better * Teach the three R’s * Reading, Writing and ‘Rithmetic * How? Normal Schools * Sam Houston State Normal School, Huntsville, Texas Sam Normal * Southwest Texas State Normal School Southwest What do they read? What * Books * Newspapers Books * Romantic literature * * * * Gloomy settings Indians Symbolic Morals Transcendentalists * Looking for the truth * Truth can only be found in oneself * Ralph Waldo Emerson * Unitarian minister * Good friend of Henry David Thoreau * “Self Reliance” * Thoreau * Set up Walden Pond Newspapers * Newspapers were too expensive! * “Penny dreadful” * One penny * Editor’s view of what really happened * Human Interest Story * James Gordon Bennett * New York Herald New Herald * Most influential editor in the 1800’s was Horace Greeley. He told Americans to “go west” Americans Sports * In 1866, Charles A. Peverelly wrote, "The game of baseball has now In * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * become beyond question the leading feature of the outdoor sports of the become United States ... It is a game which is peculiarly suited to the American United temperament and disposition; ... in short, the pastime suits the people, and temperament the people suit the pastime." Science Science Louis Pasteur "Pasteurization" "Pasteurization" Germ theory Biggest problem in medicine We had no basic knowledge about disease. Charles Goodyear Charles John Audubon John Audubon Prints Art Hudson River School Hudson Thomas Cole Agricultural Implements John Deere Iron plow Transportation Roads and turnpikes Canals Railroads Steamboats Clipper ships Clipper Roads Roads Roads Roads * Age of the turnpike * * Lancaster turnpike 1790-1820 * Facilitate western migration Canals * Erie canal * Clinton’s big ditch * Financed entirely by the state of New York * Made NY the #1 city in America Railroads * Not very popular * * * * * * Expense Made the animals nuts Smelly Dirty Never on time Brakes did not work sometime Brakes Steamboat Steamboat * * * * Robert Fulton Mississippi River “my steamboat” “my “my experiment “ The Clipper Ship “Teakettle” * Iron clad steamer * English * Played an important role in bringing the age of the clipper ship to an end Communication “What hath God wrought” Pony Express TransAtlantic Cable Reforms Reforms * * * * * * Prison Education Women “Demon rum” Mentally Ill Slavery Prison reform * Started in the early 1800’s * The decade of the 1820’s saw more penitentiaries and asylums built for the deaf and blind. * Who cares? Education * Review info on Horace Mann Women of the women’s movement Susan B.Anthony * Voting Women * * * * First women’s rights convention Seneca Falls, New York Wrote a declaration of independence for women (a Manifesto) Sojourner Truth Ain't I a woman?" * Sojourner raised herself to her full height. "Look at me! Look at my arm." She bared her right arm and flexed her powerful muscles. "I have plowed, I She have planted and I have gathered into barns. And no man could head me. have And ain't I a woman?" And * He says women can't have as much rights as men. ‘Cause Christ wasn't a woman. She stood with outstretched arms and eyes of fire. "Where did your woman. Christ come from?" * "Where did your Christ come from?", she thundered again. "From God and a "Where she Woman! Man had nothing to do with him!" Woman! “Demon Rum” * Temperance * * * * * * * * * * Don’t drink soooo much Don’t soooo Conventions Women testimonials more than a million followers who had signed a pledge to forego consumption of hard liquor consumption Mentally Ill Dorothea Dix Campaigned for the rights of the mentally ill Slavery Anti-slavery Contain slavery Don’t let it spread Black Abolitionists READ Amistad-C&R-go online * The end of test material for test 3! ...
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