newThe War

newThe War - The War The War 1914­1917 Propaganda German...

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Unformatted text preview: The War The War 1914­1917 Propaganda German drawing illustrating the military alliances in Europe ► ► ► ► The Great War . Historians . Peter Simkins | PBS Battle of the Marne (First and Second) Battle of Tannenberg Trench warfare Battle of the Somme First battle that the Brits fought Battle of Verdun Longest battle Define­”War of attrition” Russia is gone Battle of the Marne,1st August 1914 Three armies of the German invasion's northern wing were sweeping south towards Paris Schleiffen Plan­defeat France and turn attention to Russia ► ► ► ► ► ► ► September 10th Battle of the Marne was over French 250,000 casualties British 12,733 men Germany was prevented from a quick and decisive victory ► But she was far from defeated Tannenberg ► ► ► ► ► ► Germany­20,000 Russia­95,000 August , 1916 Total German victory and huge propaganda item But the sheer weight of the Russian army ensured its survival WWI Trenches Typified by its lack of movement Stalemate exemplified on the Western Front from autumn 1914 until spring 1918 ► You had company in the trenches! Lice ► Frogs ► Slugs and horned beetles ► Nits ► Rats in the millions Gorging themselves on human remains (grotesquely disfiguring them by eating their eyes and liver) they could grow to the size of a cat. ► Italy ► Italy joins the Allies Treaty of London in 1915 Promised land after the war Verdun Verdun ► ► ► ► ► ► Started in February of 1916 December 18,1916 Longest battle in the war The Germans were trying to bleed France white French­ 550,000 Germans­440,000 Battle of the Somme ► ► ► ► ► Brits­420,000 French­200,000 Germany­500,000 July,1916 large­scale British attack French were being used at Verdun Lasted until November 18 Little was gained Russia War placed an unbearable strain on Russia's weak economy, resulting in mass shortages and hunger The army was poorly equipped 15 million men away from farms (could not produce food) Winter of 1915­1916 was severe ► The Crumbling of an Empire ► The Tsar took personal command of the army in 1915 He was blamed for the failures He left the Tsarina in charge. She was incompetent ► let Rasputin run the government ► because she was a German, rumors circulated that she was trying to help Germany to win. ► ► ► ► By February, 1917, the government was in chaos Tsar went to pieces and did nothing March­ Riots because of food shortages Soldiers mutinied Duma forced Nicolas to abdicate in March Gets on a train to Petrograd but is arrested. The Last Romanovs When all were assembled, Yurovsky (secret police leader) re­ entered the room, followed by his entire Cheka squad carrying revolvers. He stepped forward and declared quickly, "Your relations have tried to save you. They have failed and we must now shoot you." Nicholas, his arms still around Alexis, began to rise from his chair to protect his wife and son. He had just time to say "What. . .?" before Yurovsky pointed his revolver directly at the Czar’s head and fired. Nicholas died instantly. At this signal, the entire squad of executioners began to shoot. Alexandra had time only to raise her hand and make the sign of the cross before she too was killed by a single bullet. Olga, Tatiana and Marie, standing behind their mother, were hit and died quickly . . . ► The room, filled with the smoke and stench of gunpowder, became suddenly quiet. Blood was running in streams from the bodies on the floor. Then there was a movement and a low groan. Alexis, lying on the floor still in the arms of the Czar, feebly moved his hand to clutch his father’s coat. Savagely, one of the executioners kicked the Czarevitch in the head with his heavy boot. Yurovsky stepped up and fired two shots into the boy’s ear. Just at that moment, Anastasia, who had only fainted, regained consciousness and screamed. With bayonets and rifle butts, the entire band turned on her. In a moment, she too lay still. It was ended. ­­ Nicholas and Alexandra, by Robert K. Massie (1968) ► Russia Leaves the War Vladimir Lenin seized political power ► Russian fighting stopped along the Eastern front (Dec.1917) ► Treaty of Brest­Litovsk ► ...
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