Watergate - • • • Watergate Watergate CREEP Committee...

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Unformatted text preview: • • • Watergate Watergate CREEP Committee to Reelect the President Instructed to find out info • Five burglars are arrested inside the Democratic National Committee headquarters in the Washington, D.C., Watergate office Committee complex complex • "smoking gun" Haldeman and Nixon discussion • progress of the FBI's investigation especially the tracing of the source of money found on the burglars. of • Have the CIA ask the FBI to halt its investigation of the Watergate break-in by claiming that the break-in was a national security operation. • • • • • After the election Set for January Trial for the burglars Trial McGovern Thomas Eagleton Electroshock therapy Sargent Shriver Election of 1972 "peace is at hand“ • Dimmed somewhat by South Vietnamese president Thieu opposition to the agreement. to • Read about the Christmas bombing January 28,1973 • Cease-fire agreement is signed in Paris by Henry Kissinger and Le Duc Tho. • Designed to get US out of Vietnam • • • POW’s and MIA’s back We are out North Vietnam does not have to leave • Kissinger gave them18 months Watergate 5 Watergate • Trial in Jan • Judge John Sirica • McCord • implicated CREEP in the burglary and the payoff for the burglars' silence • Bernard Barker • Virgilio Gonzales • Eugenio Martinez • James McCord • Frank Sturgis • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Investigation gets bigger Senate committee chaired by Sam Ervin examine Watergate and started to subpoena White House staff. examine Early 1973 Early Haldeman and Erlichman Haldeman cover up Enlisted the aid of John Dean Haldemann and Erlichman are asked to resign Dean is fired (Dean thinks he will be the scapegoat) April 30 Nixon appoints Richardson as Attorney General Richardson appoints Archie Cox as special Watergate prosecutor Dean is #1 witness Talked to Sirica Mentioned the burglary of Ellsburg’s shrink Mentioned Dean v. Nixon Televised hearings Televised No real evidence • Alexander Porter Butterfield talks about the tapes in the Oval Office Office Executive Privilege • • • • • • • • • • • The tapes were soon subpoenaed by both Cox and the Senate Cox took it to court Vice President Spiro Agnew Charge of federal income tax evasion Sentenced Sentenced Three years' probation Fined $10,000 Disbarred (1974) in Maryland Resigned from office Conservative Liked by both parties October of 1973 Gerald Ford Yom Kippur War • In response to 6 Day War and the failure to resolve territorial disputes arising from the war • War between Israel on one side and Egypt and Syria on the other side Oil prices jump • Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries to double its oil prices. oil • US experienced gasoline shortages • Embargo placed on countries that assisted Israel. • The rise in oil prices began a trend of worldwide inflation and a recession in 1974-1975. and • • • • • Saturday Night Massacre Saturday Asked Richardson to fire Cox Refused and resigned Asked Ruckelshaus to fire Cox He refused and was fired Bork fired Cox 'I'm Not a Crook' • "I have earned every cent. And in all of my years of public life I have never obstructed justice," life • "People have got to know whether or not their President is a crook. Well, I'm not a crook. I've earned everything I've got.” crook. • Appoints Jaworski as the new prosecutor Appoints Guess what he wants? US v. Nixon • Nixon's claim of executive privilege over the tapes was void Nixon's • Ordered him to surrender them to special prosecutor Leon Jaworski • On July 30 he complied with the order and released the subpoenaed tapes. Impeachment is going to happen Impeachment • Decided to resign • Televised address on the evening of August 8,1974, he announced he would resign effective noon on August 9 announced • Nixon is gone We have a new President He nominated Rockefeller as the new Vice-president ...
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