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wc7 - THE FRENCH REVOLUTION(1789-1799 THE NATIONAL...

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Unformatted text preview: THE FRENCH REVOLUTION (1789-1799) THE NATIONAL ASSEMBLY (1789­1791) LEGISLATIVE ASSEMBLY (1791­1792) NATIONAL CONVENTION (1792­ 1795) DIRECTORY (1795­ 1799) THE FRENCH REVLUTION: INDIRECT REASONS THREE ESTATES (CLERGY, NOBLES; COMMONERS) TAILLE CLERGY (0.5%) – LAND (10%) NOBLES (1.5%) – LAND (30%) PEASANTS (80%) – LAND (40%) BOURGEOISIE (8%) – LAND (20%) WORKERS & PAUPERS (10%) – NO LAND FEUDAL EXPLOITATION ABSOLUTISM (GROWTH OF THE BOURGEOISIE & GROWTH OF THE WORKING CLASS) ENLIGHTENMENT THE FRENCH REVLUTION: DIRECT REASONS SEVEN YEARS WAR (1756-1763) ECONOMIC CRISIS FINANCIAL CRISIS DEPRESSION RECESSION UNEMLOYMENT RAISE IN TAXES BAD HARVERSTS (1787 & 1788) FOOD SHORTAGES RISE IN PRICES IMPOVERISHMENT (NINE MILLION PEOPLE) NATIONAL ASSEMBLY NATIONAL ASSEMBLY (1789­1791) • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • LOUIS XVI (reigned 1774­1792) MAY 5, 1789 (THE ESTATES­GENERAL) VOTING (300 – 300 – 600) JUNE 17, 1789 SANS­CULOTTES BASTILLE (JULY 14, 1789) VERSAILLES ABOLITION OF FEUDAL RIGHTS (AUGUST 4, 1789) DECLARATION OF RIGHTS OF MAN AND THE CITIZEN (AUGUST 26, 1789) CIVIL CONSTITUTION OF THE CLERGY (JULY 12, 1790) MARIE ANTOINETTE (1755­1793) FLIGHT OF THE KING (JUNE 20­25, 1791) THE CONSTITUTION (SEPTEMBER 14, 1791) CONSITUTIONAL MONARCHY FRANCHISE (25 YEARS OLD, PAYING IN TAXES AN EQUIVALENT OF THREE DAYS’ LABOR) LEGISLATIVE ASSEMBLY (1791-1792) (1791-1792) 745 DELEGATES THE RIGHT THE LEFT (MOUNTAIN & PLAIN) DECLARATION OF WAR ON DECLARATION AUSTRIA (APRIL 20, 1792) AUSTRIA MAXIMILIAN ROBESPIERRE (17581794) GEORGES DANTON (1759-1794) POLITICAL CLUBS (POPULAR POLITICAL SOCIETIES) SOCIETIES) JACOBINS (ROBESPIERRISTS, JACOBINS DANTONISTS, GIRONDINS) DANTONISTS, CORDELIERS (HÉBERTISTES) PARIS COMMUNE 44,000 COMMUNES DEPARTMENTS POPULAR REVOLT (AUGUST 10, POPULAR 1792) 1792) UNIVERSAL MALE SUFFRAGE REVOLUTIONARY FRANCE NATIONAL CONVENTION NATIONAL CONVENTION (1792­1795) ► ► ► ► ► ► ► ► ► ► ► ► ► ► ► ► SEPTEMBER 21, 1792 (ABOLITION OF THE MONARCHY) SEPTEMBER 22, 1792 (REPUBLIC) EXECUTION OF THE KING (JANUARY 21, 1793) COMMITTEE OF PUBLIC SAFETY (APRIL 6, 1793) JACONBINS’ COUP D’ETAT (MAY 31—JUNE 2, 1793) LEVY IN MASS (AUGUST 23, 1793) COMMITTEE OF GENERAL SECURITY REIGN OF TERROR GUILLOTINE EXECUTUON OF MARIE ANTOINETTE (OCTOBER 16, 1793) CULT OF REASON (NOVEMBER 20, 1793) REVOLUTIONARY CALENDAR (12 MONTHS AND FIVE DAYS) EXECUTION OF HÉBER (MARCH 24, 1794) EXECUTION OF DANTON (APRIL 5, 1794) A NEW COUP D’ETAT (JULY 27, 1794) EXECUTION OF ROBESPIERRE DIRECTORY (1795-1799) DIRECTORY JULY 27 (THERMIDOR 9), ), 1794 1794 NEW CONSTITUTION NEW (AUGUST 22, 1795) (AUGUST THE COUNCIL OF THE ELDERS (250 MEMBERS) ELDERS THE COUNCIL OF FIVE THE HUNDRED HUNDRED LUCIEN BONAPARTE LUCIEN (1775-1840) (1775-1840) GRACCHUS BABEUF GRACCHUS (1760-1797) (1760-1797) NAPOLEON’S COUP NAPOLEON’S D’ETAT (NOVEMBER 9, 1799) 1799) ...
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