WC16 - ITALY AND WWI ITALY 5.5 MILLION MEN PARTICIPATED 5.5...

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Unformatted text preview: ITALY AND WWI ITALY 5.5 MILLION MEN PARTICIPATED 5.5 700,000 DEAD 700,000 COST ($15 BILLION) COST HUMILIATION (TRIESTE) HUMILIATION 1919-20 (SOCIALIST RIOTS) 1919-20 FASCISM FASCISM FASCES (an ancient Roman axe surrounded by a bundle of rods) FASCIO DI COMBATTIMENTO (March 23, 1919) FASCIST PROGRAM OGRAM STATISM STATISM NATIONALISM NATIONALISM MILITARISM MILITARISM ANTI-LIBERALISM ANTI-LIBERALISM EIGHT-HOUR WORKDAY EIGHT-HOUR HEAVY CAPITAL LEVY HEAVY BENITO MUSSOLINI BENITO (July 29, 1883 – April 28, 1945) Rosa Maltoni (school teacher) Alessandro Mussolini (blacksmith) Avanti November 24, 1914 Il Popolo d'Italia FASCISTS COME TO POWER FASCISTS MARCH 15, 1921 (36 FASCISTS ELECTED TO THE PARLIAMENT) GENERAL STRIKE (AUGUST 1922) OCTOBER 28, 1922 (ULTIMATUM TO LUIGI FACTA) OCTOBER 29, 1922 (KING’S WIRE) TOTALITARIANISM (BY 1925) FASCISM IN POWER FASCISM MODERNIZATION OF AGRICULTURE MODERNIZATION 22 INDUSTRIAL SINDICATES 22 WELFARE PROGRAM WELFARE STRIKES FORBIDDEN STRIKES PUBLIC WORKS PUBLIC CULT OF PERSONALITY CULT ONE PARTY DICTATORSHIP ONE TERROR TERROR 1929 (VATICAN) 1929 ARMY, CHURCH, MONARCHY WERE INDEPENDENT ARMY, FASCIST CULTURE FASCIST MARGHERITA SARFATTI ROYAL ACADEMY ROYAL OF ITALY (1926) ENCICLOPEDIA ENCICLOPEDIA ITALIANA (1932) (1932) PURITANISM PURITANISM MOTHERS’ MOTHERS CENSORSHIP MODERN ARTS MODERN ROMAN LEGACY ROMAN POMPOUS STYLE POMPOUS FASCIST CULTURE FASCIST FASCIST EXPANSIONISM ON THE FASCIST EVE OF WWII 1935-36 (ETHIOPIA) _ 1936 (PARTICIPATION IN THE SPANISH CIVIL WAR) _ 1936 (ROME-BERLIN AXIS) _ GERMANY AND WWI GERMANY 1,808,000 DEAD 1,808,000 THE TREATY OF VERSAILLE (January 18 – June 28, THE 1919) TERRITORIAL CESSIONS TERRITORIAL LOST OF COLONIES LOST HUMILIATION HUMILIATION ARMY OF 100,000 MEN ARMY SIX WARSHIPS SIX DEMILITARIZATION OF THE RHINLAND DEMILITARIZATION INDEMNITY OF 132 BLN GOLDEN MARKS (U.S. $ 31 INDEMNITY BILLION) WEIMAR REPUBLIC (JULY 31, 1919) WEIMAR STRIKES AND REVOLTS (1923) STRIKES HYPERINFLATION (3.2 MLN PERCENT PER MONTH) HYPERINFLATION EUROPE IN THE WAKE OF WWI NATIONAL SOCIALISM NATIONAL • SWASTIKA • • • (CONDUCTIVE TO WELL-BEING) ANTI-SEMITIC SYMBOL GUIDO VON LIST (1848-1919) GERMAN WORKERS’ PARTY (40 MEMBERS) ADOLF HITLER ADOLF (April 20, 1889 – April 30, 1945) _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ ALOIS SCHICKELGRUBER (d. 1903) KLARA HITLER (d. 1907) 1900-14 (AN UNFORTUNATE ARTIST) WWI (Iron Cross` for bravery) SEPTEMBER 16, 1919 TWENTY-FIVE POINT PROGRAM (FEBRUARY 24, 24, 1920) REVOCATION OF THE VERSAILLE TREATY CONFISCATION OF WAR PROFITS NATIONALIZATION OF LAND REVOCATION OF CIVIL RIGHTS FOR JEWS NATIONAL SOCIALIST GERMAN WORKERS’ PARTY WORKERS’ (NATIONALSOZIALISTISCHE DEUTSCHE ARBEITERPARTEI, NSDAP) NSDAP) FÜHRER (JULY 1921) BROWN-SHIRTS (PARAMILITARY ORGANIZATION) NOVEMBER 8-11, 1923 (THE MUNICH PUTSCH) PUTSCH) PAUL JOSEPH GOEBBELS, HERMANN GEORING, HEINRICH HIMMLER H I T L E R’ S ART NAZI PROGRAM NAZI MAIN KAMPF (1924-27) MAIN (1924-27) ULTRANATIONALISM ULTRANATIONALISM RACISM RACISM ANTI-SEMITISM ANTI-SEMITISM “[The Jews'] ultimate goal is the denaturalization, the promiscuous bastardization of other peoples, the lowering of the racial level of the highest peoples as well as the domination of his racial mishmash through the extirpation of the national intelligentsia and its replacement by the members of their own people” STATISM STATISM MILITARISM MILITARISM EXPANSIONISM (LIVING SPACE) EXPANSIONISM SPACE) ANTI-LIBERALISM ANTI-LIBERALISM EIGHT-HOUR WORKDAY EIGHT-HOUR HEAVY CAPITAL LEVY HEAVY NAZI PARTY COMES TO POWER NAZI 1928 REICHSTAG ELECTIONS (2.6%) GREAT DEPRESSION (OCTOBER 29, 1929) 6 MLN. PEOPLE UNEMPLOYED 1930 REICHSTAG ELECTIONS (18.3%) MARCH 13, 1932 PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION ELECTION (30%) PAUL VON HINDENBURG (1847-1934) JULY 1932 REICHSTAG ELECTIONS (37.3%) (37.3%) NOVEMNBER 1932 REICHSTAG ELECTIONS (33.1%) CHANCELLOR (JANUARY 30, 1933) REICHSTAG FIRE (FEBRUARY 27, 1933) MARCH 5, 1933 REICHSTAG ELECTIONS (43.9%) ENABLING LAWS (MARCH 23, 1933) BANNING OF ALL PARTIES (JULY 5, 1933) HITLER’S TOTALITARIANISM HITLER’ PUBLIC WORKS WELFARE PROGRAM CULT OF PERSONALITY GERMAN EXPANSIONISM GERMAN 1935 (REVOCATION OF 1935 THE VERSAILLE TREATY) 1936 (RHINELAND) 1936 PARTICIPATION IN THE PARTICIPATION SPANISH CIVIL WAR (1936-39) 1938 (ANSCHLUSS) 1938 THE MUNICH AGREMENT THE (SEPTEMBER 29, 1938) SUDETENLAND SUDETENLAND (OCTOBER 1938) CZECHOSLOVAKIA CZECHOSLOVAKIA (MARCH 1939) ...
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