wc16 - ITALY AND WWI ITALY AND WWI 5.5 MILLION MEN...

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Unformatted text preview: ITALY AND WWI ITALY AND WWI 5.5 MILLION MEN PARTICIPATED 700,000 DEAD COST ($15 BILLION) HUMILIATION (TRIESTE) 1919­20 (SOCIALIST RIOTS) FASCISM FASCISM FASCES (an ancient Roman axe surrounded by a bundle of rods) FASCIO DI COMBATTIMENTO (March 23, 1919) FASCIST PROGRAM FASCIST STATISM NATIONALISM MILITARISM ANTI-LIBERALISM EIGHT-HOUR WORKDAY HEAVY CAPITAL LEVY BENITO MUSSOLINI BENITO MUSSOLINI (July 29, 1883 – April 28, 1945) Rosa Maltoni (school teacher) Alessandro Mussolini (blacksmith) Avanti November 24, 1914 Il Popolo d'Italia FASCISTS COME TO POWER FASCISTS MARCH 15, 1921 (36 FASCISTS ELECTED TO THE PARLIAMENT) GENERAL STRIKE (AUGUST 1922) OCTOBER 28, 1922 (ULTIMATUM TO LUIGI FACTA) OCTOBER 29, 1922 (KING’S WIRE) TOTALITARIANISM (BY 1925) FASCISM IN POWER MODERNIZATION OF AGRICULTURE 22 INDUSTRIAL SINDICATES WELFARE PROGRAM STRIKES FORBIDDEN PUBLIC WORKS CULT OF PERSONALITY ONE PARTY DICTATORSHIP TERROR 1929 (VATICAN) ARMY, CHURCH, MONARCHY WERE INDEPENDENT FASCIST CULTURE MARGHERITA SARFATTI ROYAL ACADEMY OF ITALY (1926) ENCICLOPEDIA ITALIANA (1932) PURITANISM MOTHERS’ CENSORSHIP MODERN ARTS ROMAN LEGACY POMPOUS STYLE FASCIST CULTURE FASCIST EXPANSIONISM ON THE FASCIST EXPANSIONISM ON THE EVE OF WWII ► 1935­36 (ETHIOPIA) ► 1936 (PARTICIPATION IN THE SPANISH CIVIL WAR) ► 1936 (ROME­BERLIN AXIS) GERMANY AND WWI GERMANY AND WWI 1,808,000 DEAD THE TREATY OF VERSAILLE (January 18 – June 28, 1919) TERRITORIAL CESSIONS LOST OF COLONIES HUMILIATION ARMY OF 100,000 MEN SIX WARSHIPS DEMILITARIZATION OF THE RHINLAND INDEMNITY OF 132 BLN GOLDEN MARKS (U.S. $ 31 BILLION) WEIMAR REPUBLIC (JULY 31, 1919) STRIKES AND REVOLTS (1923) HYPERINFLATION (3.2 MLN PERCENT PER MONTH) EUROPE IN THE WAKE OF WWI NATIONAL SOCIALISM NATIONAL SOCIALISM • SWASTIKA • • • (CONDUCTIVE TO WELL­BEING) ANTI­SEMITIC SYMBOL GUIDO VON LIST (1848­1919) GERMAN WORKERS’ PARTY (40 MEMBERS) ADOLF HITLER ADOLF HITLER (April 20, 1889 – April 30, 1945) ► ► ► ► ► ► ► ► ► ► ► ► ► ► ► ALOIS SCHICKELGRUBER (d. 1903) KLARA HITLER (d. 1907) 1900­14 (AN UNFORTUNATE ARTIST) WWI (Iron Cross` for bravery) SEPTEMBER 16, 1919 TWENTY­FIVE POINT PROGRAM (FEBRUARY 24, 1920) REVOCATION OF THE VERSAILLE TREATY CONFISCATION OF WAR PROFITS NATIONALIZATION OF LAND REVOCATION OF CIVIL RIGHTS FOR JEWS NATIONAL SOCIALIST GERMAN WORKERS’ PARTY (NATIONALSOZIALISTISCHE DEUTSCHE ARBEITERPARTEI, NSDAP) FÜHRER (JULY 1921) BROWN­SHIRTS (PARAMILITARY ORGANIZATION) NOVEMBER 8­11, 1923 (THE MUNICH PUTSCH) PAUL JOSEPH GOEBBELS, HERMANN GEORING, HEINRICH HIMMLER HITLER’S ART HITLER’S NAZI PROGRAM MAIN KAMPF (1924­27) ULTRANATIONALISM RACISM ANTI­SEMITISM “[The Jews'] ultimate goal is the denaturalization, the promiscuous bastardization of other peoples, the lowering of the racial level of the highest peoples as well as the domination of his racial mishmash through the extirpation of the national intelligentsia and its replacement by the members of their own people” STATISM MILITARISM EXPANSIONISM (LIVING SPACE) ANTI­LIBERALISM EIGHT­HOUR WORKDAY HEAVY CAPITAL LEVY NAZI PARTY COMES TO POWER NAZI 1928 REICHSTAG ELECTIONS (2.6%) 1928 GREAT DEPRESSION (OCTOBER 29, 1929) GREAT 6 MLN. PEOPLE UNEMPLOYED 1930 REICHSTAG ELECTIONS (18.3%) MARCH 13, 1932 PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION MARCH (30%) (30%) PAUL VON HINDENBURG (1847-1934) JULY 1932 REICHSTAG ELECTIONS (37.3%) NOVEMNBER 1932 REICHSTAG NOVEMNBER ELECTIONS (33.1%) ELECTIONS CHANCELLOR (JANUARY 30, 1933) REICHSTAG FIRE (FEBRUARY 27, 1933) MARCH 5, 1933 REICHSTAG ELECTIONS MARCH (43.9%) (43.9%) ENABLING LAWS (MARCH 23, 1933) BANNING OF ALL PARTIES (JULY 5, 1933) HITLER’S TOTALITARIANISM PUBLIC WORKS PUBLIC WELFARE PROGRAM WELFARE CULT OF PERSONALITY GERMAN EXPANSIONISM GERMAN EXPANSIONISM 1935 (REVOCATION OF THE VERSAILLE TREATY) 1936 (RHINELAND) PARTICIPATION IN THE SPANISH CIVIL WAR (1936­39) 1938 (ANSCHLUSS) THE MUNICH AGREMENT (SEPTEMBER 29, 1938) SUDETENLAND (OCTOBER 1938) CZECHOSLOVAKIA ...
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This note was uploaded on 01/05/2012 for the course HIST 220 taught by Professor Hamblin during the Winter '12 term at BYU.

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