OSU7 - SELF-STRENGTHENING POLICY SELF-STRENGTHENING...

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Unformatted text preview: SELF-STRENGTHENING POLICY SELF-STRENGTHENING (1861-1894) CIXI (1835-1908, ruled as CIXI co-regent and as regent 1861-1888 and 1898-1908) YEHONALA YEHONALA SELF-STRENGTHENING POLICY SELF-STRENGTHENING (1861-1894) PRINCE GONG (1833PRINCE 98) OFFICE FOR THE OFFICE MANAGEMENT OF THE BUSINESS OF ALL FOREIGN COUNTRIES (ZONGLI YAMEN) “Chinese learning for the base, Western learning for use” SELF-STRENGTHENING POLICY SELF-STRENGTHENING (1861-1894) _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ 1861 (THE FIRST ARSENAL) 1865 (SHIPYARD AT SHANGHAI) BEIYANG FLEET 1866 (SHIPYARD AT FUZHOU) NANYANG FLEET 1881 (THE FIRST RAILROAD) 1882 (THE FIRST TEXTILE FACTORY) BY 1894 (19 STATE OWNED COMPANIES, 101 FOREIGN COMPANIES, AND 75 CHINESE PRIVATE COMPANIES) SELF-STERNGTHENING PROJECTS Zhongkui, the demon chaser CHINESE SCHOOLBOYS ON THE WAY TO THE USA (1872) THE NANJING ARSENAL THE SINO-JAPANESE WAR (1894-1895) THE THE TREATY OF THE SHIMONOSEKI (April 17, 1895) Indemnity ($200 million) Indemnity KANG YOUWEI (1858-1927) KANG • PETITION OF 1895 • THE SELFSTRENGTHENING STUDY SOCIETY (1895) KANG YOUWEI’S PROPOSALS KANG Constitutional Monarchy Constitutional Educational reforms Educational Western Legal System Western New Ministries (of Agriculture New and of Mines and Railways) Westernization of the Military Westernization Regenerate Confucianism as a Regenerate State Religion Confucian Imperialism Confucian HUNDRED DAYS REFORMS HUNDRED (June 11 – September 21, 1898) • EMPEROR GUANGXU • • • (1871-1908, reigned 1874-1898) SIXTY EDICTS DECISION TO ARREST CIXI (September 18, 1898) YUAN SHIKAI THE SCRAMBLE FOR CONCESSIONS (1898) HONG KONG FLAGS OF THE TREATY POWERS PRIOR TO WORLD WAR I AUSTROHUNGARY BELGIUM BRAZIL DENMARK FRANCE NETHERLANDS GREAT BRITAIN ITALY JAPAN MEXICO PERU PORTUGAL RUSSIA SPAIN SWEDEN GERMANY NORWAY UNITED STATES THE OPEN DOOR POLICY THE September 6, 1899 September (John Hay’s Note) PRESIDENT PRESIDENT WILLIAM McKINLEY THE BOXER UPRISING UPRISING (1899-1901) SHANDONG SHANDONG PENINSULA 1898 (FLOOD) 1898 YIHEQUAN (THE FISTS YIHEQUAN OF RIGHTEOUSNESS AND HARMONY) WHITE LOTUS WHITE SOCIETY XIWANGMU XIWANGMU MAITREYA (MILUOFO) MAITREYA WUSHU (MARTIAL WUSHU ARTS) WUSHU (MARTIAL ARTS) THE BOXER UPRISING THE (1899-1901) PRIMARY HAIRY ONES PRIMARY SECONDARY HAIRY SECONDARY ONES TERTIARY HAIRY ONES TERTIARY “SUPPORT THE QING AND EXTERMINATE THE FOREIGNERS ” JUNE 13 – AUGUST 14, JUNE 1900 (SIEGE OF THE FOREIGN LEGATION IN LEGATION IN BEIJING) JUNE 21, 1900 (CI XI JUNE (DECLARED A WAR) ALLIED INTERVENTION AUSTROHUNGARY FRANCE RUSSIA UNITED STATES ITALY GERMANY GREAT BRITAIN JAPAN THE BOXER PROTOCOL (SEPTEMBER 7, 1901) • VENGEANCE • INDEMNITY ($450 MILLION) • FOREIGN TROOPS STATIONED IN CHINA, INCULDING BEIJING, PERMANENTLY • CHINESE TROOPS WITHDROWN FROM BEIJING • CHINA CANNOT SUN YAT-SEN SUN (1866-1925) • CHINA REVIVAL SOCIETY • • • (1894) REVOLUTIONARY ALLIANCE (1905) THE PEOPLE JOURNAL JOURNAL THREE PRICIPLES OF THE PEOPLE (1905) NATIONALISM DEMOCRACY PEOPLE’S LIVELIHOOD THE COLLAPSE OF THE QING THE _ _ _ _ _ PUYI (1905-67, reigned 1908-12) BY 1912 ($835 MILLION IN DEBT) BY 1912 (216 FOREIGN COMPANIES AND 549 CHINESE COMPANIES) COMPRADORS 107 OPEN PORTS THE XINHAI REVOLUTION A I R E V O LU T I O N (October 10, 1911-February 1 0 , 1 9 1 1- F e b r u a r y 12, 1912) WUCHANG UPRISING WUCHANG WUHAN WUHAN PROCLAMATION OF PROCLAMATION THE REPUBLIC (January 1, 1912) THE REPUBLIC OF CHINA THE SUN YAT-SEN SUN (PROVISIONAL PRESIDENT) YUAN SHIKAI (1859YUAN 1916, ruled 1912-16) BEIYANG ARMY BEIYANG YUAN’S DICTATORSHIP YUAN • PRESIDENT FOR A TEN• • • YEAR TERM (MAY 1, 1914) PRESIDENT FOR LIFE (DECEMBER 1914) EMPEROR HONGXIAN (JANUARY 1 – MARCH 22, 1916) DIED (JUNE 6, 1916) CHINA AND WWI CHINA JAPANESE JAPANESE CONQUEST OF QINGDAO (NOVEMBER 7, 1914) CHINA ENTERS CHINA THE WAR (AUGUST 14, 1917) MARXISM IN CHINA MARXISM FEBRUARY 1899 FEBRUARY REVOLUTIONARY REVOLUTIONARY ALLIANCE ANARCHISTS ANARCHISTS MAY 4TH MOVEMENT • PARIS PEACE CONFERENCE (JANUARY 18, 1919 – JANUARY 21, 1920) • QINGDAO • DEMONSTRATIONS (MAY 4 – JUNE 28, 1919) • VERSAILLES PEACE TREATY (June 28, 1919) • RADICALS (CHEN THE BOLSHEVIK REVOLUTION • THE OCTOBER REVOLUTION (NOVEMBER 7, 1917) • THE CIVIL WAR (1918-20) • THE BOLSHEVIK CONQUEST OF THE RUSSIAN FAR EAST (1920-22) THE BOLSHEVIKS THE VLADIMIR LENIN (1870-1924) LEON TROTSKY (1879-1940) THE BOLSHEVIKS THE GRIGORII ZINOVIEV 1883-1936 JOSEPH STALIN 1878-1953 BOLSHEVISM IN CHINA BOLSHEVISM THE COMINTERN THE (1919-1943) GRIGORII VOITINSKY GRIGORII (1893-1953) APRIL 1920 APRIL LI DAZHAO (1889LI 1927) BOLSHEVISM IN CHINA BOLSHEVISM CHEN DUXIU (1879-1942) CHEN NEW YOUTH (XIN NEW QINGNIAN) THE FIRST BOLSHEVIK THE BOLSHEVIK NUCLEUS AT SHANGHAI (JULY 1920) 1920) SCHOOL OF FOREIGN SCHOOL FOREIGN LANGUAGES THE COMMUNIST THE UNIVERSITY OF THE THE TOILERS OF THE EAST BOLSHEVISM IN CHINA CHINA MAO ZEDONG (1893-1976) ZHOU ENLAI (1898-1976) LIU SHAOQI (1898-1969) DENG XIAOPING (1904-1997) THE FIRST CCP CONGRESS (JULY 23-31, 1921) SHANGHAI SHANGHAI THE FIRST THE PROGRAM THE FIRST THE DECISION ABOUT THE OBJECTIVES OF THE CCP CHEN DUXIU CHEN ...
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This note was uploaded on 01/05/2012 for the course HIST 201 taught by Professor Sabey during the Winter '08 term at BYU.

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