OSU8 - SELF-STRENGTHENING POLICY SELF-STRENGTHENING...

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Unformatted text preview: SELF-STRENGTHENING POLICY SELF-STRENGTHENING (1861-1894) CIXI (1835-1908, ruled as CIXI co-regent and as regent 1861-1888 and 1898-1908) YEHONALA YEHONALA SELF-STRENGTHENING POLICY SELF-STRENGTHENING (1861-1894) PRINCE GONG (1833PRINCE 98) OFFICE FOR THE OFFICE MANAGEMENT OF THE BUSINESS OF ALL FOREIGN COUNTRIES (ZONGLI YAMEN) “Chinese learning for the base, Western learning for use” SELF-STRENGTHENING POLICY SELF-STRENGTHENING (1861-1894) _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ 1861 (THE FIRST ARSENAL) 1865 (SHIPYARD AT SHANGHAI) BEIYANG FLEET 1866 (SHIPYARD AT FUZHOU) NANYANG FLEET 1881 (THE FIRST RAILROAD) 1882 (THE FIRST TEXTILE FACTORY) BY 1894 (19 STATE OWNED COMPANIES, 101 FOREIGN COMPANIES, AND 75 CHINESE PRIVATE COMPANIES) SELF-STERNGTHENING PROJECTS Zhongkui, the demon chaser CHINESE SCHOOLBOYS ON THE WAY TO THE USA (1872) THE NANJING ARSENAL THE SINO-JAPANESE WAR (1894-1895) THE THE TREATY OF THE SHIMONOSEKI (April 17, 1895) Indemnity ($200 million) Indemnity KANG YOUWEI (1858-1927) KANG • PETITION OF 1895 • THE SELFSTRENGTHENING STUDY SOCIETY (1895) KANG YOUWEI’S PROPOSALS KANG Constitutional Monarchy Constitutional Educational reforms Educational Western Legal System Western New Ministries (of Agriculture New and of Mines and Railways) Westernization of the Military Westernization Regenerate Confucianism as a Regenerate State Religion Confucian Imperialism Confucian HUNDRED DAYS REFORMS HUNDRED (June 11 – September 21, 1898) • EMPEROR GUANGXU • • • (1871-1908, reigned 1874-1898) SIXTY EDICTS DECISION TO ARREST CIXI (September 18, 1898) YUAN SHIKAI THE SCRAMBLE FOR CONCESSIONS (1898) HONG KONG FLAGS OF THE TREATY POWERS PRIOR TO WORLD WAR I AUSTROHUNGARY BELGIUM BRAZIL DENMARK FRANCE NETHERLANDS GREAT BRITAIN ITALY JAPAN MEXICO PERU PORTUGAL RUSSIA SPAIN SWEDEN GERMANY NORWAY UNITED STATES THE OPEN DOOR POLICY THE September 6, 1899 September (John Hay’s Note) PRESIDENT PRESIDENT WILLIAM McKINLEY THE BOXER UPRISING UPRISING (1899-1901) SHANDONG SHANDONG PENINSULA 1898 (FLOOD) 1898 YIHEQUAN (THE FISTS YIHEQUAN OF RIGHTEOUSNESS AND HARMONY) WHITE LOTUS WHITE SOCIETY XIWANGMU XIWANGMU MAITREYA (MILUOFO) MAITREYA WUSHU (MARTIAL WUSHU ARTS) WUSHU (MARTIAL ARTS) THE BOXER UPRISING THE (1899-1901) PRIMARY HAIRY ONES PRIMARY SECONDARY HAIRY SECONDARY ONES TERTIARY HAIRY ONES TERTIARY “SUPPORT THE QING AND EXTERMINATE THE FOREIGNERS ” JUNE 13 – AUGUST 14, JUNE 1900 (SIEGE OF THE FOREIGN LEGATION IN LEGATION IN BEIJING) JUNE 21, 1900 (CI XI JUNE (DECLARED A WAR) ALLIED INTERVENTION AUSTROHUNGARY FRANCE RUSSIA UNITED STATES ITALY GERMANY GREAT BRITAIN JAPAN THE BOXER PROTOCOL (SEPTEMBER 7, 1901) • VENGEANCE • INDEMNITY ($450 MILLION) • FOREIGN TROOPS STATIONED IN CHINA, INCULDING BEIJING, PERMANENTLY • CHINESE TROOPS WITHDROWN FROM BEIJING • CHINA CANNOT SUN YAT-SEN SUN (1866-1925) • CHINA REVIVAL SOCIETY • • • (1894) REVOLUTIONARY ALLIANCE (1905) THE PEOPLE JOURNAL JOURNAL THREE PRICIPLES OF THE PEOPLE (1905) NATIONALISM DEMOCRACY PEOPLE’S LIVELIHOOD THE EMPRESS DOWAGER REJECTING THE PETITIONS FROM REFORMERS THE LATE QING REFORMS PUYI (1905-67, reigned 1908PUYI 1908( 1 9 0 1 - 1 9 0 9 ) 12) Educational reforms (1901-09) Educational Military Reform (1901-06) Military Thirty-six divisions of the New Thirty-six New Army (1901) Constitutional Reforms (1908Constitutional 09) Election of Provincial Assemblies (1909) National Assembly (1909) Parliament is to be introduced (1913) THE COLLAPSE OF THE THE QING BY 1912 ($835 BY MILLION IN DEBT) BY 1912 (216 BY FOREIGN COMPANIES AND 549 CHINESE COMPANIES) COMPRADORS COMPRADORS 107 OPEN PORTS 107 THE XINHAI REVOLUTION A I R E V O LU T I O N (October 10, 1911-February 1 0 , 1 9 1 1- F e b r u a r y 12, 1912) WUCHANG UPRISING WUCHANG WUHAN WUHAN WUCHANG EIGHTH WUCHANG ENGINEER BATALLION PREMIER YUAN PREMIER SHIKAI (NOVEMBER 11, 1911) PROCLAMATION OF PROCLAMATION THE REPUBLIC (January 1, 1912) THE REPUBLIC OF F CHINA SUN YAT-SEN SUN (PROVISIONAL PRESIDENT) YUAN SHIKAI (1859YUAN 1916, ruled 1912-16) BEIYANG ARMY BEIYANG Y U A N’ S D I C T A T O R S H I P SHIP PRESIDENT FOR A PRESIDENT TEN-YEAR TERM (MAY 1, 1914) PRESIDENT FOR LIFE PRESIDENT (DECEMBER 1914) EMPEROR HONGXIAN EMPEROR (JANUARY 1 – MARCH 22, 1916) DIED (JUNE 6, 1916) DIED CHINA AND WWI JAPANESE CONQUEST OF JAPANESE QINGDAO (NOVEMBER 7, 1914) CHINA ENTERS THE WAR CHINA (AUGUST 14, 1917) MARXISM IN CHINA NA FEBRUARY 1899 FEBRUARY REVOLUTIONARY REVOLUTIONARY ALLIANCE ANARCHISTS ANARCHISTS MAY 4T H M O V E M E N T PARIS PEACE PARIS CONFERENCE (JANUARY 18, 1919 – JANUARY 21, 1920) QINGDAO QINGDAO DEMONSTRATIONS DEMONSTRATIONS (MAY 4 – JUNE 28, 1919) VERSAILLES PEACE VERSAILLES TREATY (June 28, 1919) RADICALS (CHEN RADICALS DUXIU, LI DAZHAO) THE BOLSHEVIK K REVOLUTION THE OCTOBER THE REVOLUTION (NOVEMBER 7, 1917) THE CIVIL WAR (1918THE 20) THE BOLSHEVIK THE CONQUEST OF THE RUSSIAN FAR EAST (1920-22) THE BOLSHEVIKS S VLADIMIR LENIN (1870-1924) LEON TROTSKY (1879-1940) THE BOLSHEVIKS S GRIGORII ZINOVIEV 1883-1936 JOSEPH STALIN 1878-1953 BOLSHEVISM IN CHINA CHINA THE COMINTERN THE (1919-1943) GRIGORII VOITINSKY GRIGORII (1893-1953) APRIL, 1920 APRIL, LI DAZHAO (1889-1927) LI BOLSHEVISM IN CHINA CHINA CHEN DUXIU (1879CHEN 1942) NEW YOUTH (XIN NEW QINGNIAN) THE FIRST BOLSHEVIK THE NUCLEUS AT SHANGHAI (JULY 1920) SCHOOL OF FOREIGN SCHOOL LANGUAGES THE COMMUNIST THE UNIVERSITY OF THE TOILERS OF THE EAST BOLSHEVISM IN CHINA CHINA MAO ZEDONG (1893-1976) ZHOU ENLAI (1898-1976) LIU SHAOQI (1898-1969) DENG XIAOPING (1904-1997) THE FIRST CCP CONGRESS (JULY 23-31, 1921) SHANGHAI SHANGHAI THE FIRST THE PROGRAM THE FIRST THE DECISION ABOUT THE OBJECTIVES OF THE CCP CHEN DUXIU CHEN ...
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This note was uploaded on 01/05/2012 for the course HIST 201 taught by Professor Sabey during the Winter '08 term at BYU.

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