OSU11 - TOWARDS MAOIZATION KHRUSHCHEV’S SPEECH AT THE...

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Unformatted text preview: TOWARDS MAOIZATION KHRUSHCHEV’S SPEECH AT THE TWENTIETH CONGRESS OF THE SOVIET COMMUNIST PARTY (FEBRUARY 25, 1956) MAO’S EMANCIPATION EIGHTH CCP CONGRESS (SEPTEMBER 15-27, 1956) TOWARDS MAOIZATION THE POLISH AND HUNGARIAN CRISES (OCTOBER-NOVEMBER 1956) WLADYSLAW GOMULKA IMRE NAGY MAO’S NEGATIVE REACTION TO THE DENOUCIATION OF STALIN LET A HUNDRED FLOWERS BLOSSOM, LET A HUNDRED SCHOOL OF THOUGHT CONTEND • MAY 1 – JUNE 7, • 1957 MAO’S ATTACKS ON ZHOU ENLAI (LATE SUMMER 1957 AND JANUARY 1958) THE GREAT LEAP FORWARD (1958) THE SECOND SESSION OF THE EIGHTH CCP CONGRESS (MAY 1958) THE THREE RED BANNER POLICY THE NEW GENERAL LINE (SOCIALIST CONSTRUCTION ACCORDING TO PRINCIPLE MORE, FASTER, BETTER, CHEAPER) GREAT LEAP FORWARD PEOPLE’S COMMUNES THE GREAT LEAP FORWARD (1958) • INDUSTRIAL OUTPUT (18 MILLION TONS OF STEEL) • AGRICULTURAL OUTPUT (375 MILLION TONS OF GRAIN) • AMALGAMATION OF 740,000 COLLECTIVE FARMS INTO 26,000 PEOPLE’S COMMUNES OF SOME 10,000 HOUSEHOLDS EACH THE GREAT FAMINE FAMINE OF 1959-60 (BETWEEN 20 AND 40 MILLION PEOPLE DIED) MINISTER OF DEFENCE PENG DEHUAI (1898-1974) NEW OPPOSITION TO MAO (JULY 1959) TOWARDS THE CULTURAL REVOLUTION (1960-1965) MAO’S SEMIRETIREMENT (SPRING 1959) LIU SHAOQI (CHAIRMAN OF THE PRC) ECONOMIC REFORMS (LIU SHAOQI, DENG XIAOPING) MAO’S “SOCIALIST EDUCATION” CAMPAIGN (1962-1966) QUOTATIONS FROM CHAIRMAN MAO (1963) TOWARDS THE CULTURAL REVOLUTION (1960-1965) JIANG QING (1914-1991) DEPUTY MAYOR OF BEIJING WU HAN (19091969) THE DISMISSAL OF HAI RUI FROM OFFICE (1961) LIBERATION DAILY (NOVEMBER 10, 1965) THE CULTURAL REVOLUTION (1966-1976) GREAT PROLETARIAN CULTURAL REVOLUTION (APRIL 18, 1966) DAZIBAO (BIG CHARACTER POSTER) HONGWEIBING (RED GUARD) THE CULTURAL REVOLUTION AUGUST 5, 1966 (“FIRE THE HEADQUARTER”) AUGUST 1966 (RED GUARDS’ DEMOSTRATIONS IN BEIJING) SUPRESSION OF THE RED GUARDS (SUMMER 1967) 10 MILLION PEOPLE RELOCATED THE CULTURAL REVOLUTION (1966-1976) POWER STRUGGLE IN THE CCP • ZHOU ENLAI’S “OLD • • • • • GUARD” FACTION DENG XIAOPING JIANG QING’S LEFTWING FACTION (“GANG OF FOUR”) WANG HONGWEN ZHANG CHUNQIAO YAO WENYUAN APRIL 5TH MOVEMENT (1976) DEATH OF ZHOU ENLAI (JANUARY 8, 1976) TIANANMEN SQUARE HUA GUOFENG (1920-) DEATH OF MAO ZEDONG (SEPTEMBER 9, 1976) ARREST OF THE “GANG OF FOUR” (OCTOBER 6, 1976) DOWN WITH “GANG OF FOUR”! HUA GUOFENG ...
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