OSU18 - UNDER AMERICAN UNDER OCCUPATION (1945-1952) THE FAR...

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Unformatted text preview: UNDER AMERICAN UNDER OCCUPATION (1945-1952) THE FAR EASTERN THE COMMISSION (THIRTEEN (THIRTEEN NATIONS) ALLIED COUNCIL FOR ALLIED COUNCIL FOR JAPAN SUPREME COMMANDER SUPREME OF THE ALLIED POWERS GENERAL DOUGLAS GENERAL MACARTHUR THREE D’S THREE (DEMILITARIZATION, (DEMILITARIZATION, DEMOCRATIZATION, AND AND DECENTRALIZATION OF DECENTRALIZATION OF WEALTH AND POWER) DEMILITARIZATION DEMILITARIZATION _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ DISMANTLING OF THE COLONIAL EMPIRE EMPIRE DEMOBILIZATION (MORE THAN FIVE MILLION) ABOLSHING OF THE ARMY AND NAVY REPATRIATION (THREE MILLION) PURGE (200,000 LOST THEIR JOBS) INTERNATIONAL MILITARY TRIAL (MAY 1946 – NOVEMBER 1948) 28 WAR CRIMINALS (7 MEN EXECUTED) ARTICLE 9 OF THE 1947 CONSTITUTION (THE JAPANESE PEOPLE FOREVER RENOUNCE WAR AS A SOVEREIGN RIGHT OF THE NATION … LAND, SEA, AND AIR FORCES, AS WELL AS OTHER WAR POTENTIAL, WILL NEVER BE MAINTAINED) DEMOCRATIZATION DEMOCRATIZATION PREMIER YOSHIDA SHIGERU PREMIER POLITICAL PRISONERS POLITICAL RELEASED LIEUTENANT ETHEL WEED LIEUTENANT (FIGHT FOR EMANCIPATION) RIGHTS FOR WOMEN RIGHTS (DECEMBER 17, 1945) EMPEROR’S “DECLARATION OF EMPEROR HUMANITY” (JANUARY 1, 1946) GENERAL COURTNEY WHITNEY ’S GENERAL CONSTITUTION (MAY 3, 1947) HOUSE OF COUNCILLORS HOUSE (HOUSE OF PEERS) HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES HOUSE ROLE OF THE EMPEROR ROLE SHINTO SEPERATED FROM THE SHINTO STATE DECENTRALIZATION ZATION LAND REFORM (OCTOBER 21, 1946) 21, 1946) PURCHASE OF ALL LAND OF 2.3 MILLION ABSENTEE ABSENTEE LANLORDS AND RESELLING IT RESELLING IT TO 4.3 MILLION TENANTS 2.5 ACRES 10 ACRES (HOKKAIDO) ADDITIONAL 5 ACRES (RENT OUT) OUT) “ZAIBATSU BUSTING ” (NOVEMBER 6, 1945) THREE-QUARTERS OF INDUSTRIAL THREE-QUARTERS AND COMMERCIAL ACTIVITES PURGE (1945-8) PURGE LAW FOR THE ELIMINATION OF LAW EXCESSIVE CONCENTRATION OF ECONOMIC POWER (DECEMBER 18, 1947) MIGHT BE APPLIED TO 1,000 FIRMS MIGHT TRADE UNION LAW (DECEMBER 22, TRADE 1945) JAPAN FEDERATION OF LABOR JAPAN UNIONS AND CONGRESS OF INDUSTRIAL LABOR UNIONS OF JAPAN (AUGUST 1946) 6.7 MILLION UNION MEMBERS 6.7 (1948) WORK FORCE (13 MILLION) WORK THE COLD WAR WINSTON CHURCHILL’S SPEECH AT WESTMINSTER COLLEGE (MARCH 5, 1946) UNEMPLOYMENT (10 MILLION PEOPLE) DISASTROUS HARVESTS (1945 AND 1947) DISEASES INFLATION MACARTHUR FORBIDS A GENERAL STRIKE (JANUARY 31, 1947) SOCIALIST PARTY’S VICTORY (APRIL 1947) KATAYAMA TETSU (1947-8) R’S (1947-52) RECONSTRUCTING THE ECONOMY RESTRAINING LABOR REHABILITATING THOSE WHO HAD BEEN PURGED REARMING THE MILITARY REALIGNNING JAPAN WITH THE WEST THE KOREAN WAR THE (JUNE 25, 1950 – JULY 27, 1953) KIM IL SUNG KIM THE UN RESOLUTION (JUNE 27, THE 1950) JUNE 30, 1950 (TRUMAN’S (TRUMAN’ JUNE AUTHORIZATION TO DISPATCH GROUND TROOPS) CHINA’S ENTRY (OCTOBER 19, CHINA’ 1950) MACARTHUR’S INSTRUCTIONS MACARTHUR’ TO CREATE THE NATIONAL POLICE RESERVE (JULY 8, 1950) 75,000 MEN 75,000 MCCARTHYISM (1950-4) MCCARTHYISM THE “RED PURGE” (MAYTHE PURGE” DECEMBER 1950) REMOVAL OF MACARTHUR (APRIL REMOVAL 11, 1951) GENERAL MATTHEW B. RIDGWAY GENERAL (1951-2) AMERICAN AID ($ 2.5 BILLION) BILLION) AMERICAN TOWARS INDEPENDENCE TOWARS SAN FRANCISCO SAN PEACE TREATY BETWEEN JAPAN AND FORTY-EIGHT NATIONS (SEPTEMBER 8, 1951) RECOGNISION OF RECOGNISION JAPAN’S INHERENT RIGHT OF SELFDEFENCE US-JAPAN SECURITY US-JAPAN TREATY (SEPTEMBER 8, 1951) INDEPENDENCE INDEPENDENCE (APRIL 28, 1952) ...
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