OSU19 - ECOMONIC “MIRACLE” ECOMONIC 1955 JAPAN’S GNP...

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Unformatted text preview: ECOMONIC “MIRACLE” ECOMONIC 1955 JAPAN’S GNP (ONE1955 FIFTEENTENTH OF THAT OF THE US) “NO POLICIES, NO MATTER HOW WISE, CAN SAVE HER [JAPAN] FROM SLOW ECONOMIC STARVATION ” (EDWIN O. REISCHAUER, THE UNITED STATES THE AND JAPAN, CAMBRIDGE, MASS.: HARVARD UNIV. PRESS, 1957, 51) 1960 JAPAN’S GPN (THE FIFTH 1960 LARGEST IN THE WORLD) WORLD) 1960-9 ANNUAL GROWTH RATE 1960-9 (10%) 1961 ANNUAL GROWTH RATE 1961 RATE (14.5%) 1975-89 ANNUAL GROWTH RATE 1975-89 (3.5 TO 5.5 %) 1987 PER CAPITA GNP OVERTOOK 1987 THAT OF THE US ECOMONIC “MIRACLE”: DIRECT AMERICAN • LAND REFORM (OCTOBER 21, INVOLVEMENT • 1946) DEMILITARIZATION (NO MORE • • • • • • • • THAN 1 % OF THE BUDGET MAY BE APPROPRIATED FOR MILITARY PURPOSES) THE COLD WAR (US R’S POLICY) THE KOREAN WAR (INDUSTRIAL GROWTH) AMERICAN AND EUROPEAN INVESTMENTS AND SPECIAL INDUSCTRIAL PROCUREMENT FOR THE US MILITARY 1950 ($ 151 MILLION IN CONTRACTS) 1952 ($ 824 MILLION IN CONTRACTS) 1950-53 (CONTRACTS WORTH NEARLY $ 2 BILLION) AMERICAN DIRECT ECONOMIC AID ($ 2.5 BILLION) THE VIETNAM WAR ECOMONIC “MIRACLE”: INTERNAL ECOMONIC REASONS • FAILURE OF THE JOSEPH M. DODGE • • • • • • • • • • • FREE-MARKET LINE (1949-50) DEMOCRACY AND AUTHORITARIANISM MERCANTILISM STATE SUBSIDIES ECONOMIC PLANNING AGENCY (1955) (1955) SHIPBUILDING AND STEEL INCOME DOUBLING PLAN (1960) MINISTERY OF INTERNATIONAL TRADE AND INDUSTRY (1949) PURCHASE OF BLUEPRINTS AND COMPLETE SETS OF INDUSTRIAL, SCIENTIFIC, AND TECHNOLOGICAL INFORMATION JAPAN DEVELOPMENT BANK (1951) THE ROLE OF DIVERCIFIED KEIRETSU (FORMER ZAIBATSU) MATSUSHITA, SONY, TOYOTA ECOMONIC “MIRACLE”: INTERNAL ECOMONIC REASONS CLAN CONSCIOUSNESS CLAN PATERNALISM PATERNALISM “FAMILY STATE” “FAMILY COMPANY” DECLINE OF THE LABOR DECLINE MOVEMENT (THE 1980s) ROLE OF MIDDLE-RANK ROLE MANAGERS ECOMONIC “MIRACLE”: POLITICAL STABILITY ECOMONIC _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ SEIYUKAI (FRIENDS OF CONSTITUTIONAL GOVERNMENT PARTY) MINSEITO (CONSTITUTIONAL DEMOCRATIC PARTY) LIBERAL (FORMER SEIYUKAI) PARTY AND DEMICRATIC (FORMER MINSEITO) PARTY MERGED MERGED LDP (1955) 3-4 MAJOR FACTIONS SOCIALIST PARTY (100 SEATS OF THE 512 SEATS) SPLITS (SOCIALIST DEMOCRATIC PARTY) COMMUNIST PARTY (20-30 SEATS) KOMEITO (CLEAN GOVERNMENT PARTY), FORMED FORMED IN 1964 (25 SEATS) BUDDHIST SOCIETY SOKA GAKKAI POLITICAL CRISIS (1974-6) TANAKA KAKUEI (1918-1993) PRIME MINISTER (1972-4) SCANDAL (FEBRUARY 4, 1976) THE LOCKHEED AIRCRAFT CORPORATION (500 MILLIOM YEN IN SECRET KICKBACKS) LDP LOOSES POWER (1993-6) NEW KOMEITO (1998) NEW LDP LEADER AND PRIME MINISTER JUNICHIRO KOIZUMI (2001-) ...
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This note was uploaded on 01/05/2012 for the course HIST 201 taught by Professor Sabey during the Winter '08 term at BYU.

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