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Unformatted text preview: CONFUCIUS (551­479 B.C.) KONG QIU KONGZI KONG FUZI MASTER KONG Qufu: Confucius Birthplace CONFUCIANISM LUNYU (ANALECTS) DAO (TAO, The Way) LI (Ritual) REN (Humaneness) XIAO (Filial Piety) DE (Virtue) JUNZI (Gentleman) Mandate of Heaven LAOZI (6th CENTURY B.C.) MASTER LAO OLD MASTER DAOISM (TAOISM) DAODEJING (The Way and Virtue Classic) Wuwei (inaction) ZHUANGZI (369-286 B.C.) ZHUANG ZHOU MASTER ZHUANG BUDDHISM SIDDHARTHA GAUTAMA (563 – 483 B.C.) Shakyamuni (Sage of the Shakya") Buddha (Enlightened One) (528 B.C.) BUDDHISM SAMSARA (REINCARNATION) KARMA NIRVANA THERAVADA (THE THEACHING OF THE ELDERS) HINAYANA (THE LESSER VEHICLE) The Noble Eightfold Path Right Belief (in the Truth) Right Intent (to do good rather than evil) Right Speech (avoidance of untruth, slander and swearing) Right Behavior (avoid blameworthy behaviors) Right Livelihood (some occupations e.g. butcher, publican, were disparaged) Right Effort (towards the good) Right Mindfulness (of the Truth) Right Concentration (will result from following the Noble Eightfold Path) BUDDHISM IN CHINA AN SHIGAO (148) THE WHITE HORSE MONASTERY MAHAYANA (THE GREAT VEHICLE) BODHISATTVA (Bodhi [enlightenment] and sattva [being]) BUDDHISM IN CHINA THE PURE LAND AMITABHA (AMITUOFO) GUANYIN (AVALOKITESVARA) WHITE LOTUS SOCIETY XIWANGMU MAITREYA (MILUOFO) THE WHITE HORSE MONASTERY BUDDHISM THE YUAN DYNASTY (1279-1368) • KHUBILAI KHAN (reigned 1260-1294) • DADU (BEIJING) MARCO POLO (1254-1324) TRAVELED IN CHINA (1275-1292) ZHU YUANZHANG (1328-1398) • FLOODS (1340s) • THE WHITE LOTUS SOCIETY • MAITREYA (MILUOFO) • 1351-68 (THE RED TURBANS) • INNER MONGOLIA • THE MING DYNASTY (1368-1644) THE QING DYNASTY (1644­1912) THE PORTUGUESE (1514) THE BRITISH IN CANTON (1715) GONGHANG (CO­ HONG) 1720 THE CANTON SYSTEM (1757) WESTERNERS IN CHINA U.S. IN CHINA (1784) THE MACARTNEY EMBASSY (1793) AMHERST MISSION (1816) NAPIER MISSION (1834) KOWTOW (THREE KNEELINGS AND NINE PROSTRATIONS) BRITISH TRADING STATION IN BRITISH TRADING STATION IN CANTON THE OPIUM TRADE THE OPIUM TRADE BRITISH SALES OF OPIUM TO CHINA (EACH CHEST CONTAINED BETWEEN 130 AND 160 POUNDS) ___________________________________________________ YEAR NUMBER OF CHESTS ___________________________________________________ 1729 200 1750 600 1773 1,000 1790 4,054 1800 4,570 1810 4,968 1816 5,106 1823 7,082 1828 13,131 1832 23,570 THE OPIUM TRADE THE FIRST OPIUM WAR (1839­1842) LIN ZEXU (1785­ 1850) THE FIRST OPIUM WAR (1839­1842) THE TREATY OF NANJING (AUGUST 29, 1842) • • • • • Indemnity ($ 2I million) Abolition of Gonghang Five ports opened Fixed Tariffs Surrender of Hong Kong THE SECOND OPIUM WAR (1856­1860) SELF-STRENGTHENING POLICY (1861-1894) (1861-1894) CIXI (1835-1908, ruled as CIXI co-regent and as regent 1861-1888 and 1898-1908) 1861-1888 XIANFENG (reigned 18511861) TONGZHI (reigned 18611874) GUANGXU (1871-1908, GUANGXU reigned 1874-1898) reigned PRINCE GONG SELF-STRENGTHENING POLICY (1861-1894) 1861 (THE FIRST ARSENAL) 1865 (THE FIRST SHIPYARD) 1881 (THE FIRST RAILROAD) 1882 (THE FIRST TEXTILE FACTORY) BY 1894 (19 STATE OWNED COMPANIES, 101 FOREIGN COMPANIES, AND 75 CHINESE PRIVATE COMPANIES) SINO­JAPANESE WAR (1894­1895) SINO­JAPANESE WAR (1894­1895) ...
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This note was uploaded on 01/05/2012 for the course HIST 201 taught by Professor Sabey during the Winter '08 term at BYU.

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