Masaryk, Thomas Garrigue Masaryk, Thomas Garrigue 1850–1937, Czechoslovak political leader and philosopher, first president and chief founder of Czechoslovakia . He is revered by most Czechs and was internationally recognized as a great democratic leader. Born in Moravia, Masaryk received (1876) his doctorate from the Univ. of Vienna and married an American, Charlotte Garrigue. His first important work, Der Selbstmord als sociale Massenerscheinung der modernen Civilisation [suicide as a mass phenomenon of modern civilization], was published in 1881, and in 1882 he became professor of philosophy at the new Czech Univ. of Prague. He launched (1883) a monthly review, The Atheneum; became associated temporarily with the liberal nationalist Young Czech party; assumed the editorship (1889) of as Č [time], a political journal; and was elected (1891) to the Austrian parliament and the Bohemian diet .
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