The Big Picture: Technology, Production, and Society The systematic diffusion of new technologies profoundly altered the social, cultural, and economic landscape of Gilded Age America. Production skyrocketed as industrialists like Andrew Carnegie eagerly adopted innovations in processing technologies and implemented the economizing organizational theories of Frederick Taylor . Business and industry were run increasingly like great machines, with efficiency and cost-effectiveness as the guiding principles. Several times throughout the 1880s and '90s, this new ethic strained relations between labor and management to the point of violent rupture. Yet it also established the foundations of America's mass production and consumption economy, as both the goods and the ethic of the industrial system were distributed into the national market that had been created by the revolutions in transportation and communication earlier in the century. In addition to stimulating the growth of a mass culture, technological advance gave a great push
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