Setting the Stage for War Several scholars had suggested similar plans for global expansion. In 1885, clergyman Josiah Strong wrote Our Country in which he urged the Anglo-Saxon race to "civilize and Christianize" other "inferior races." 8 He promised that such missionary work would benefit the U.S. economy by transforming "savages" into consumers of American goods. Alfred Thayer Mahan, a naval officer, wrote in 1890 that as the western frontier dissolved, "Americans must now begin to look outward." 9 Wealthy industrialists also promoted American expansion abroad in order to build new markets and to find sources of raw materials, such as sugar, coconut, and copper unavailable in the United States. Under the stress of economic downturns, businessmen and investors were especially anxious to embrace a global mission in order to regenerate their own country. Still, other vigorously patriotic leaders thought foreign policy should support national honor.
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