Cosgrave - . He joined the nationalist movement as a young...

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Cosgrave, William Thomas Cosgrave, William Thomas, 1880–1965, Irish statesman; father of Liam Cosgrave . A member of Sinn Féin , he fought in the Easter Rebellion (1916) and was sentenced to life imprisonment. Freed a year later, he was elected to the British Parliament in 1918 but protested British rule by refusing to take his seat. He helped organize an independent Irish Assembly, the Dáil Éireann in 1919. Minister for local government in the revolutionary cabinet, Cosgrave supported the 1921 treaty with Great Britain that set up the Irish Free State (see Ireland ). After the deaths of Arthur Griffith and Michael Collins , he was elected president and served from 1922 to 1932. He was opposition leader of his Fine Gael, or United Ireland, party from 1932 until his resignation in 1944. Griffith, Arthur Griffith, Arthur, 1872–1922, Irish statesman, founder of Sinn Féin
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Unformatted text preview: . He joined the nationalist movement as a young man. In 1899 he founded the United Irishman, in which he advocated that Irish members of Parliament withdraw from Westminster and organize their own assembly. His goal was the creation of a dual monarchy of England and Ireland, like that of Austria-Hungary. His ideas found adherents who, in 1905, formed the Sinn Fin. Griffith took no part in the Easter Rebellion of 1916, but he was imprisoned several times (191618) by the British. Elected to Parliament in 1918, he joined the other Sinn Finers in forming Dil ireann and was elected its vice president. He led the Irish delegation that negotiated the treaty (1921) establishing the Irish Free State. When Eamon De Valera, president of the Dil, rejected the treaty, Griffith succeeded to his office. He died suddenly at the beginning of the civil war....
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