Henry Clay - opposed the annexation of Texas, and he...

Info iconThis preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Henry Clay Senator Clay opposed the Jackson regime at every turn, particularly on the bank issue. When Jackson had the deposits removed (1833) from the Bank of the United States to his “pet banks,” Clay secured in the Senate passage of a resolution—later expunged (Jan., 1837) from the record—censuring the President for his act. Refusing to run for President in 1836, Clay continued his opposition tactics against Van Buren's administration and fought the subtreasury system in vain. In 1840, Clay lost the Whig nomination to William H. Harrison, mainly because of Thurlow Weed's adroit politics. Clay supported Harrison and, when Harrison was elected, was offered the post of Secretary of State, but he chose to stay in the Senate. He now planned to reestablish the Bank of the United States, but the unexpected accession of John Tyler to the presidency and his vetoes of Clay's bills caused Clay to resign his Senate seat. In 1844 he ran against James K. Polk , an avowed expansionist. Earlier Clay had publicly
Background image of page 1
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: opposed the annexation of Texas, and he restated his position in the Alabama letters, agreeing to annexation if it could be accomplished with the common consent of the Union and without war. This maneuver probably lost him New York state, with which he could have won the election. His failure was crushing for him and for the Whig party. In 1848 his party refused him its nomination, feeling that he had no chance, and his presidential aspirations were never fulfilled. He reentered (1849) the Senate when the country faced the slavery question in the territory newly acquired following the Mexican War . Clay denounced the extremists in both North and South, asserted the superior claims of the Union, and was chiefly instrumental in shaping the Compromise of 1850 . It was the third time that he saved the Union in a crisis, and thus he has been called the Great Pacificator and the Great Compromiser....
View Full Document

This note was uploaded on 01/04/2012 for the course AMH AMH2010 taught by Professor Pietrzak during the Fall '10 term at Broward College.

Ask a homework question - tutors are online