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Indian National Congres1

Indian National Congres1 - Jawaharlal Nehru was a leader...

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Indian National Congress Indian National Congress, Indian political party, founded in 1885. Its founding members proposed economic reforms and wanted a larger role in the making of British policy for India. By 1907, however, the Congress had split into a moderate group led by Gopal Krishna Gokhale , who sought dominion status for India, and a militant faction under Bal Gangadhar Tilak , who demanded self-rule. In 1920 the Congress began a campaign of passive resistance, led by Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi , against restrictions on the press and political activities. Although the Congress claimed to represent all Indians, many Muslims, fearful of the vast Hindu majority, began to withdraw from the Congress. The Congress was divided on approaches to economic reform; the conservatives favored cautious reform while the leftists, of which
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Unformatted text preview: Jawaharlal Nehru was a leader, urged som. The great strength of the organization was shown in the provincial elections of 1937. At the outbreak of World War II , the Congress voted for neutrality. When India came under Japanese attack, the Congress demanded immediate concessions from Great Britain toward a democratic government in return for cooperation in the war effort. The British responded by outlawing the organization and arresting its leaders. In the 1946 elections to the Indian constituent assembly, the Congress lost the Muslim vote to the Muslim League ; it reluctantly accepted the partition of the Indian subcontinent and the formation of the state of Pakistan ....
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