Indic GroupOf the East Indic languages, Assamese is the tongue of 22 million people in Assam, and has a literature dating back to the 15th cent. Assamese has been influenced by Tibeto-Burman idioms and recalls Sanskrit in vocabulary, but is allied grammatically to Bengali, the language of 122 million inhabitants of Bangladesh, where it is known as Bangla, and 66 million Indians living in and around the Kolkata region. Bengali is rich in literature; the greatest modern author who wrote in the language was Rabindranath Tagore. Oriya, the language of about 32 million persons, chiefly in the Indian state of Orissa, is closer to Sanskrit phonetically and lexically than any other modern Indic tongue. The leading West Indic language is Gujarati, with over 40 million speakers, chiefly in the states of Gujarat and Maharashtra in India. Gujarati was the native language of Mohandas Gandhiand has an important literature dating from the 15th cent.
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Indic Group, Indic languages, East Indic languages, Indic tongue, modern Indic tongue