Ireland, Northern, division of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (1989
est. pop. 1,583,500), 5,462 sq mi (14,147 sq km), NE Ireland. Made up of six of the nine
counties of the historic province of Ulster in NE Ireland, it is frequently called Ulster. The capital
Land, People, Economy, and Government
The land is mountainous and has few natural resources. It comprises 26 districts. English is the
official language. The majority of the population is Protestant, and nearly 40% is Catholic.
Farming (livestock, dairy products, cereals, potatoes) is the largest single occupation. Heavy
industry is concentrated in and around Belfast, one
of the chief ports of the British Isles. Machinery and equipment manufacturing, food processing,
and textile and electronics manufacturing are the leading industries; papermaking, furniture
manufacturing, and shipbuilding are also important. Northern Ireland's fine linens are famous.
The Northern Ireland Assembly has limited devolved powers from the British Parliament, and