Liberty party - 1818, before he moved to Alabama, where he...

Info iconThis preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Liberty party Liberty party, in U.S. history, an antislavery political organization founded in 1840. It was formed by those abolitionists , under the leadership of James G. Birney and Gerrit Smith , who repudiated William Lloyd Garrison's nonpolitical stand. Birney, their presidential candidate in 1840, received a little more than 7,000 votes. Because of better local organization and the issue of the annexation of Texas, he polled more than 60,000 votes in 1844, drawing enough support away from Henry Clay in New York state to throw the presidency to James K. Polk. The party remained strong in local elections in 1846, but in 1848 it withdrew its nominee, John P. Hale, and united with antislavery Whigs and Democrats to form the stronger Free-Soil party . Birney, James Gillespie Birney, James Gillespie 1792–1857, American abolitionist, b. Danville, Ky. He practiced law at Danville from 1814 to
Background image of page 1
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: 1818, before he moved to Alabama, where he served one term in the state legislature. Briefly (183234) an agent of the American Colonization Society before becoming an abolitionist, he returned (1833) to Kentucky, freed (1834) his inherited slaves, and helped organize (1835) the Kentucky Anti-Slavery Society. In 1837 he became executive secretary of the American Anti-Slavery Society, and he was a vice president of the World's Anti-Slavery Convention at London in 1840. In contrast to William Lloyd Garrison, Birney constantly advocated political action. He became the acknowledged leader of like-minded abolitionists who, forming the Liberty party , nominated him for the presidency in 1840 and 1844. An injury sustained in 1845 took him out of public life....
View Full Document

Ask a homework question - tutors are online