Unformatted text preview: Ireland. However, the Irish Free State, now the Republic of Ireland (see Ireland, Republic of ), which was established in 1922, refused to recognize the finality of the partition; and violence erupted frequently on both sides of the border. The late 1960s marked a new stage in the region's troubled history. The Catholic minority, which suffered economic and political discrimination, had grown steadily through immigration from the Republic. In 1968 civil-rights protests by Catholics led to widespread violence. Prime Minister Terence O'Neill had sought to end anti-Catholic bias as part of his policy of fostering closer ties between Ulster and the Irish Republic, but opponents within his ruling Unionist party forced his resignation in Apr., 1969. His successor, James Chichester-Clark, was unable to restrain the growing unrest and in August called in British troops to help restore order....
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- Fall '10
- Republic of Ireland, Northern Ireland, home rule, early 17th cent.