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Peace Corps - Kennedy Robert F Kennedy and Edward M...

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Peace Corps Peace Corps, agency of the U.S. government, whose purpose is to assist underdeveloped countries in meeting their needs for trained manpower. The Peace Corps was established in 1961 by executive order of President Kennedy; Congress approved it as a permanent agency within the Dept. of State the same year. Peace Corps volunteers serve for two-year periods. Currently volunteers serve in more than 60 countries in such areas as agriculture; the teaching of languages, mathematics, and science; vocational training; business and public administration; and natural resource development. In 1981 the Peace Corps was made an independent agency. The program now also sends volunteers to the former Soviet-bloc nations and tries to attract more people with technical training or special skills, particularly in agriculture. Kennedy, Joseph Patrick Kennedy, Joseph Patrick, 1888–1969, U.S. ambassador to Great Britain (1937–40), b. Boston, grad. Harvard, 1912, father of John F.
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Unformatted text preview: Kennedy , Robert F. Kennedy , and Edward M. Kennedy (see separate entries). He engaged in banking, shipbuilding, investment banking, and motion-picture distribution before he served (1934–35) as chairman of the Securities and Exchange Commission. He was (1936–37) head of the U.S. Maritime Commission until his appointment as ambassador. In London he supported the overtures of the Chamberlain government to Hitler and was generally noninterventionist. He resigned as ambassador in Nov., 1940. In his later years he continued to be successful in business (notably real estate) and devoted considerable time to philanthropic activities, especially the Joseph P. Kennedy, Jr., Memorial Foundation, dedicated to his eldest son, who died in World War II. He wrote I'm for Roosevelt (1936). Kennedy's wife, Rose Elizabeth Fitzgerald Kennedy, . 1890–1995, was the daughter of U.S. congressman and Boston mayor John Francis “Honey Fitz” Fitzgerald. They had nine children....
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