Political Career

Political Career - Stewart added to his appeal In 1885 the...

Info iconThis preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Political Career Parnell, Charles Stewart In 1881, Parnell started United Ireland, a paper in support of the Land League, edited by William O'Brien . Arrested for his activities and put in Kilmainham jail, Parnell directed O'Brien to compose a manifesto against rent payment. Parnell's popularity increased, and he came to be referred to as the “uncrowned king of Ireland.” He was released (1882) by the so-called Kilmainham treaty, by which the government agreed to settle the question of arrears in land rent if Parnell would help check violence against landlords. The Phoenix Park murders of 1882 shocked Parnell as much as they did the English, but the Irish leader opposed the coercive Crimes Act that followed and was therefore charged with encouraging terrorism. Nonetheless, he retained the confidence of his followers both in Ireland and in America, where the fact that he was a grandson of the American naval hero Charles
Background image of page 1
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: Stewart added to his appeal. In 1885 the Liberals' threat to renew the Crimes Act of 1882 led Parnell to throw the Irish vote to the Tories and thus bring down the government of William Gladstone . It was, however, an uncomfortable alliance, and in 1886 Parnell swung back to the Liberals, who returned to power. Gladstone then introduced in Parliament the first Home Rule Bill (1886), but the Liberal party split on the issue, and Gladstone's government fell again. In 1887, the London Times printed a series of hostile articles called “Parnellism and Crime,” ending with a facsimile letter, purporting to carry Parnell's signature and apologizing for his denunciation of the Phoenix Park murders. A special commission found (1889) that the letter had been forged; and, although some of Parnell's activities were censured, he and his associates were exonerated....
View Full Document

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

Ask a homework question - tutors are online