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Unformatted text preview: Mary II and her husband, William III, and after them to Anne , also daughter of James II. In the reign of Anne, the last of the Stuarts to rule England, the crowns of Scotland and England, united personally by the Stuarts, were permanently joined by the Act of Union (1707). After the death of Anne the crown passed (by the Act of Settlement , 1701) to George I of the house of Hanover, son of the Electress Sophia , who was the granddaughter of James I of England; thus the Hanoverians also had a Stuart claim. The parliamentary rule of succession was adopted because the claim to the throne of the Roman Catholic James II and his descendants, James Francis Edward Stuart (the Old Pretender), Charles Edward Stuart (the Young Pretender), and Henry Stuart (Cardinal York), was upheld by the Jacobites . After 1807 this claim passed to the descendants of Henrietta of England , daughter of Charles I. Stuart, the French form of the name, was popularized by Mary Queen of Scots....
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- Fall '10