Animal communication is an essential component of interactions between individuals

Animal communication is an essential component of interactions between individuals

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Animal communication is an essential component of interactions between individuals. Much of the social interaction between animals involves transmitting information through  specialized behaviors called signals. In behavioral ecology, a  signal  is a behavior that causes a change in another animal’s  behavior. The transmission, reception, and response to signals constitute animal communication. Some features of animal communication are under strong genetic control, although the  environment makes a significant contribution to all communication systems. Many signals are efficient in energy costs. For example, a territorial fish erects its fins when aggressively approaching an intruder. It takes less energy to erect fins that to attack an invading fish. Animals communicate using visual, auditory, chemical, tactile, and electrical signals.
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