biochemistry_part_2

biochemistry_part_2 - BIOCHEMISTRY- CHAPTER 2 PART 2 ACIDS,...

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BIOCHEMISTRY- CHAPTER 2 – PART 2 1. THE Ph SCALE- A MEASUREMENT SYSTEM THAT INDICATES THE LEVEL OF HYDROGEN IONS (H + ) IN A SOLUTION. DIVISIONS OF THE Ph SCALE 0-6 INDICATES AN ACID WITH 0 BEING VERY ACIDIC. Ex HYDROCHLORIC ACID HCl 8-14 INDICATES A BASE WITH 14 BEING VERY BASIC Ex SOAP 7 IS A NEUTRAL SOLUTION Ex PURE WATER H 2 O A BUFFER IS A WEAK ACID OR BASE THAT WILL REACT WITH THEIR COUNTERPARTS TO NEUTRALIZE A SOLUTION EX. ANTACIDS THE Ph SCALE CAN TELL US WHAT TYPE OF SOLUTION WE HAVE BUT, BOTH STRONG ACIDS & BASE CAN CHEMICAL BUILDING BLOCKS OF CELLS 1. MACROMOLECULES – ARE LARGE MOLECULES BUILT FROM SMALLER ORGANIC COMPOUNDS BY LINKING THEM TOGETHER BY A PROCESS CALLED POLYMERIZATION.
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2. TYPES OF MACROMOLECULES A) CARBOHYDRATES pg 45 – MADE FROM C, H, and O2 IN A 1:2:1 RATIO THAT IS THE MAIN SOURCE OF ENERGY FOR PLANTS AND ANIMALS. Ex. FRUITS, BREADS, PASTA, VEGETABLES. 1)
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biochemistry_part_2 - BIOCHEMISTRY- CHAPTER 2 PART 2 ACIDS,...

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