Carbon and Functional Groups

Carbon and Functional Groups - covalent bond between them,...

Info iconThis preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Carbon and Functional Groups carbon - component of all biological molecules molecules w/ carbon can form straight chains, branches, rings hydrocarbons - molecules containing only carbon and hydrogen; energy-rich, makes good fuels (ex. propane gas, gasoline); nonpolar macromolecules - large, complex assemblies of molecules; separated into proteins, nucleic acids, lipids, carbohydrates polymers - long molecules built by linking together smaller chemical subunits dehydration synthesis - takes a -OH group and a H from 2 molecules to create a
Background image of page 1
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: covalent bond between them, forming water as a byproduct catalysis - positioning and stressing the correct bonds; done by enzymes hydrolysis- adding water to break a covalent bond in a macromolecule polymer macromolecules amino acid >> polypeptide >> intermediate filament nucleotide >> DNA strand >> chromosome fatty acid >> fat molecule >> adipose cells w/ fat droplets monosaccharide >> starch >> starch grains in chloroplasts functional groups- specific atomic groups added to a hydrocarbon core...
View Full Document

Ask a homework question - tutors are online