Carbon and Functional Groups

Carbon and Functional Groups - covalent bond between them...

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Carbon and Functional Groups carbon - component of all biological molecules molecules w/ carbon can form straight chains, branches, rings hydrocarbons - molecules containing only carbon and hydrogen; energy-rich, makes good fuels (ex. propane gas, gasoline); nonpolar macromolecules - large, complex assemblies of molecules; separated into proteins, nucleic acids, lipids, carbohydrates polymers - long molecules built by linking together smaller chemical subunits dehydration synthesis - takes a -OH group and a H from 2 molecules to create a
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Unformatted text preview: covalent bond between them, forming water as a byproduct • catalysis - positioning and stressing the correct bonds; done by enzymes • hydrolysis- adding water to break a covalent bond in a macromolecule polymer macromolecules • amino acid >> polypeptide >> intermediate filament • nucleotide >> DNA strand >> chromosome • fatty acid >> fat molecule >> adipose cells w/ fat droplets • monosaccharide >> starch >> starch grains in chloroplasts functional groups- specific atomic groups added to a hydrocarbon core...
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