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Chapter 51 Behavioral Ecology

Chapter 51 Behavioral Ecology - Chapter 51 Behavioral...

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Chapter 51 Behavioral Ecology Lecture Outline Overview: Studying Behavior Humans have studied animal behavior for as long as we have lived on Earth. As hunter and hunted, knowledge of animal behavior was essential to human  behavior. The modern scientific discipline of  behavioral ecology  studies how behavior  develops, evolves, and contributes to survival and reproductive success. Concept 51.1 Behavioral ecologists distinguish between proximate and ultimate causes of behavior Scientific questions that can be posed about any behavior can be divided into two  classes: those that focus on the immediate stimulus and mechanism for the behavior  and those that explore how the behavior contributes to survival and reproduction. What is behavior? Behavioral traits are an important part of an animal’s phenotype. Many behaviors result from an animal’s muscular activity, such as a predator  chasing a prey.
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